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Structural and computational analysis of intermolecular interactions in a new 2-thiouracil polymorph

Fabijanić, Ivana; Matković-Čalogović, Dubravka; Pilepić, Viktor; Sanković, Krešimir (2017) Structural and computational analysis of intermolecular interactions in a new 2-thiouracil polymorph. Acta Crystallographica Section C: Crystal Structure Communications, 73 (12). pp. 1078-1086. ISSN 0108-2701

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Abstract

The crystallization and characterization of a new polymorph of 2-thiouracil by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, Hirshfeld surface analysis and periodic density functional theory (DFT) calculations are described. The previously published polymorph (A) crystallizes in the triclinic space group P\overline{1}, while that described herein (B) crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c. Periodic DFT calculations showed that the energies of polymorphs A and B, compared to the gas-phase geometry, were -108.8 and -29.4 kJ mol-1, respectively. The two polymorphs have different intermolecular contacts that were analyzed and are discussed in detail. Significant differences in the molecular structure were found only in the bond lengths and angles involving heteroatoms that are involved in hydrogen bonds. Decomposition of the Hirshfeld fingerprint plots revealed that O...H and S...H contacts cover over 50% of the noncovalent contacts in both of the polymorphs; however, they are quite different in strength. Hydrogen bonds of the N-H...O and N-H...S types were found in polymorph A, whereas in polymorph B, only those of the N-H...O type are present, resulting in a different packing in the unit cell. QTAIM (quantum theory of atoms in molecules) computational analysis showed that the interaction energies for these weak-to-medium strength hydrogen bonds with a noncovalent or mixed interaction character were estimated to fall within the ranges 5.4-10.2 and 4.9-9.2 kJ mol-1 for polymorphs A and B, respectively. Also, the NCI (noncovalent interaction) plots revealed weak stacking interactions. The interaction energies for these interactions were in the ranges 3.5-4.1 and 3.1-5.5 kJ mol-1 for polymorphs A and B, respectively, as shown by QTAIM analysis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2-thiouracil polymorph; DNA model system; QTAIM and NCI plot analysis; X-ray diffraction; computational chemistry; crystal structure
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry > Physical Chemistry
Divisions: Division of Materials Physics
Depositing User: Ivana Fabijanić
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2018 13:40
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2018 09:52
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/4302
DOI: 10.1107/S205322961701542X

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