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Mammoths, Deer, and a Dog: Fossil and (Sub) Recent Allochthonous Remains from the Northeastern Croatia (Podravina Region), with the First Radiocarbon Dating of the Croatian Woolly Mammoths (Mammuthus primigenius)

Mauch Lenardić, Jadranka; Radović, Siniša; Oros Sršen, Ankica; Horvatinčić, Nada; Kostešić, Petar; Bermanec, Vladimir (2018) Mammoths, Deer, and a Dog: Fossil and (Sub) Recent Allochthonous Remains from the Northeastern Croatia (Podravina Region), with the First Radiocarbon Dating of the Croatian Woolly Mammoths (Mammuthus primigenius). Quaternary, 1 (2). ISSN 2571-550X

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Abstract

Eight anatomically and taxonomically different finds are presented in this paper, and they belong to four taxa: woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius), giant deer (Megaloceros giganteus), red deer (Cervus elaphus), and dog (Canis familiaris). All specimens represent allochthonous Late Pleistocene and Holocene animal remains, and all were dredged during the gravel exploitation at the Sekuline site near Molve (Podravina region, SW Pannonian basin, NE Croatia). Mammoth remains (bone and tusk fragments) were radiocarbon dated, and these are the first absolute dates on mammoths in Croatia. One upper last left deciduous premolar (dP4 sin.) also belongs to the same species. Ascribed to a dog is one well-preserved skull with a peculiar abscess scar on the maxillary bone as the result of an inflammatory process on the carnassial (P4) premolar. The Late Pleistocene cervid remains are giant deer, while the other cervid finds were determined to be red deer of the Holocene age. Morphometrical and taphonomical data are presented for each specimen. Such fossil and recent bone/tooth aggregates are characteristic of fluvial deposits and selective collecting. Although lacking stratigraphic provenance, these finds help to fulfil the gaps in palaeoenvironmental, palaeoecological, and palaeoclimate reconstructions of Podravina and its neighbouring areas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: allochthonous finds ; woolly mammoth dating ; cervids ; dog ; morphometrics ; Late Pleistocene ; Holocene ; Drava river ; Croatia
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Geology
Divisions: Division of Experimental Physics
Depositing User: Nada Horvatinčić
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2018 08:20
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2018 08:21
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/4122
DOI: 10.3390/quat1020011

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