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Effect of scuba diving on the oxidant/antioxidant status, SIRT1 and SIRT3 expression in recreational divers after a winter nondive period

Perović, Antonija; Sobočanec, Sandra; Balog, Tihomir; Dabelić, Sanja; Dumić, Jerka (2018) Effect of scuba diving on the oxidant/antioxidant status, SIRT1 and SIRT3 expression in recreational divers after a winter nondive period. Free Radical Research . ISSN 1071-5762

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of scuba diving on oxidative damage markers in erythrocytes and plasma, antioxidant system in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), as well as sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) and sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) gene expressions in recreational divers after a winter nondive period (at least 5 months). For that purpose, 17 male recreational divers performed an immersion at a depth of 30 m for 30 min. Blood samples were collected immediately before and after diving, 3 and 6 h after diving. Erythrocyte lipid peroxidation measured by thiobarbituric-reactive substances (TBARS) method was significantly increased immediately after diving, but returned to the baseline 6 h after diving, while no significant change was found for plasma TBARS and protein carbonyl derivates in both plasma and erythrocytes. Diving-induced catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), and consequently total superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities in the PBMC samples (significantly increased immediately after diving, reached the maximum activities 3 h after diving, while 6 h after diving only CAT activity remained significantly increased). No significant change was observed for SOD1 activity and gene expression, as well as SOD2 expression, while CAT and SIRT1 expressions were slightly decreased immediately after diving and 3 h after diving. Interestingly, SIRT3 expression was significantly increased 6 h after diving. In conclusion, after the first dive to 30 m after a nondive season, activation of antioxidant defence was not sufficient to prevent oxidative damage, while SIRT3 upregulation could be a step towards an adaptive response to the diving.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: diving; hyperoxia; oxidative stress; sirtuin 1; sirtuin 3
Subjects: BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
INTERDISCIPLINARY AREAS OF KNOWLEDGE
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Depositing User: Sandra Sobočanec
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2018 14:24
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2019 13:04
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/3927
DOI: 10.1080/10715762.2017.1422211

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