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The effect of artificial feed on blood biochemistry profile and liver histology of wild saddled bream, Oblada melanura (Sparidae)

Ferri, Josipa; Topić Popović, Natalija; Čož-Rakovac, Rozelinda; Beer-Ljubić, Blanka; Strunjak-Perović, Ivančica; Škeljo, Frane; Jadan, Margita; Petrić, Mirela; Barišić, Josip; Šimpraga, Miljenko; Stanić, Rino (2011) The effect of artificial feed on blood biochemistry profile and liver histology of wild saddled bream, Oblada melanura (Sparidae). Marine Environmental Research, 71 (3). pp. 218-224. ISSN 0141-1136

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Floating fish farms attract a great number of wild fish species, changing their behaviour and physiology. The saddled bream, Oblada melanura, sampled from populations aggregated around the Adriatic fish farm and from natural/control populations, were analysed for differences in eleven blood biochemistry parameters and liver histomorphology. The levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), alkaline phosphatase (ALKP) and urea (URE) in cage-associated saddled bream (428.00 ± SD 321.56 U/L, 86.13 ± SD 39.87 U/L and 0.05 ± SD 0.16 mmol/L, respectively) were significantly lower than those observed in the control specimens (1047.06 ± SD 505.56 U/L, 125.75 ± SD 34.70 U/L and 1.99 ± SD 0.73 mmol/L, respectively). In contrast to that, concentrations of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in cage-associated fish (87.63 ± SD 132.34 U/L) were higher than values noted for the control population (6.55 ± SD 5.90 U/L). URE and AST presented the main variables contributing to the discrimination between two analysed populations. One-way ANOSIM based on the blood parameters showed significant difference between saddled bream that fed around cages and those from the remote waters (R = 0.697 ; P < 0.01). Hepatocytes of cage-associated fish contained large cytoplasmatic clear spaces indicating excessive accumulation of fat in the hepatocyte cytoplasm. All observed differences can be attributed to contrasting feeding behaviour of sampled populations but basic nutritional differences between them should be quantified in the future. Moreover, further research is necessary to detect their impact on the health status of the fish.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oblada melanura; aquaculture; food source; blood chemistry; liver histology; effects-physiology; Adriatic
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Division of Materials Chemistry
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Substanična biokemijska i filogenetska raznolikost tkiva riba, rakova i školjaka-Rozelinda Čož-Rakovac098-1782739-2749MZOS
Utjecaj ribolova i uzgoja na ekosustav Jadrana-Svjetlana Krstulović Šifner258-0000000-3596MZOS
Depositing User: Natalija Topić Popović
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2017 14:27
DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2011.01.006

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