hrvatski jezikClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Embryotoxic and genotoxic effects of sewage effluents in zebrafish embryo using multiple endpoint testing

Babić, Sanja; Barišić, Josip; Višić, Hrvoje; Sauerborn Klobučar, Roberta; Topić Popović, Natalija; Strunjak-Perović, Ivančica; Čož-Rakovac, Rozelindra; Klobučar, Göran (2017) Embryotoxic and genotoxic effects of sewage effluents in zebrafish embryo using multiple endpoint testing. Water Research, 115 . pp. 9-21. ISSN 0043-1354

| Request a personal copy from author

Abstract

Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluents are often complex mixtures of various organic and inorganic substances. Quality control of wastewaters and sludges has been regulated with measuring several physico-chemical parameters and sometimes using biological methods with non-specific responses, while synergistic action mechanisms of contaminants in such complex mixtures is still unknown. Toxic effects of wastewaters within and downstream of the WWTP in City of Virovitica, Croatia, were tested on zebrafish Danio rerio using a set of biomarkers that enabled an insight in wastewaters toxic potential on embryos at the cellular, tissue and the whole organism level during an early ontogenesis (24 and 48 hpf). Exposure of embryos to the wastewater samples from WWTP Virovitica increased mortality and abnormality rate. Heart rate, spontaneous movements and pigmentation formation were also markedly affected. Biochemical markers confirmed the presence of MXR inhibitors in all tested wastewater samples, indicating the increase of pollutant accumulation in the cell/organism. Also, a tendency of DNA damage decrease measured with Comet assay was evident in wastewater samples downstream from WWTP although control levels were not reached in any environmental sample. Histopathological analysis showed that exposure to tested samples resulted in impaired muscle organization, notochord malformation and retardation in eye and brain development at embryos 48 hpf. Furthermore, semi-quantitative histopathology assessment indicated increased percentage of embryo defects in river water sampled several kilometers downstream from the WWTP, confirming toxic potential of WWTP effluents. Extension of the zebrafish embryotoxicity test (ZET) with biochemical and histopathological biomarkers could serve as a guiding principle in biomonitoring of wastewater contamination.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This work was supported by Ministry of Science, Education and Sport, Republic of Croatia (Projects No. 098-1782739-2749, 119-0982934-3110).
Uncontrolled Keywords: wastewater; zebrafish embryo test; histopathology; ABC transport proteins comet assay
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES
NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Ecology
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Environmental Science
INTERDISCIPLINARY AREAS OF KNOWLEDGE
Divisions: Division of Materials Chemistry
Projects:
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Substanična biokemijska i filogenetska raznolikost tkiva riba, rakova i školjaka-Rozelinda Čož-Rakovac098-1782739-2749MZOS
UČINAK ONEČIŠĆENJA NA GENETIČKU STRUKTURU ORGANIZAMA U VODENOM OKOLIŠU-Goran Klobučar119-0982934-3110MZOS
Depositing User: Sanja Babić
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2017 14:13
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2017 14:13
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/3767
DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2017.02.049

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year