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Cross-sectional study of hepatic CYP1A and CYP3A enzymes in hybrid striped bass, channel catfish and Nile tilapia following oxytetracycline treatment

Topić Popović, Natalija; Howell, Terrence; Babish, John G.; Bowser, Paul R. (2012) Cross-sectional study of hepatic CYP1A and CYP3A enzymes in hybrid striped bass, channel catfish and Nile tilapia following oxytetracycline treatment. Research in Veterinary Science, 92 (2). pp. 283-291. ISSN 0034-5288

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Terramycin for Fish® (oxytetracycline, OTC) is one of three approved drugs for therapeutic treatment of fish in the United States. Nothing is known, however, of the effects of this therapeutic on drug metabolizing enzymes in fish post-treatment. The main purpose of the study was to examine whether the fish CYP1A and CYP3A enzymes would cross-react with antibodies to known mammalian cytochrome P-450 forms (CYP1A1 and CYP3A). Observational feeding studies of OTC effects were conducted in hybrid striped bass, channel catfish and Nile tilapia. Oxytetracycline was mixed into the feed to achieve a daily dose of 82.8 mg per kg body weight at a feeding rate of 1 % body weight per day. Hepatic microsomes of each fish were prepared and western blotting of CYP1A1 and CYP3A4 and enzyme assays of CYP1A2 and CYP3A4 were performed prior to OTC treatment and on post-treatment days 1, 6, 11 and 21. Both goat anti-rat CYP1A1 and rabbit anti-human CYP3A4 showed good cross-reactivity with all three species in this study. All three species exhibited distinct perturbations in one or more of the variables examined on day 1 post-treatment. Immediately following the 10-day medication period, relative liver weight (RLW) of hybrid striped bass was increased 44% and remained elevated through post-treatment day 21. Increased CYP3A4 enzyme activity and protein abundance were noted in channel catfish and Nile tilapia, respectively. This observational approach demonstrated species differences both in control activities and in the timing and extent of hepatic responses to OTC. The unique perturbations of hepatic CYP450 enzymes in different fish species to OTC treatment observed in this study may have relevance for the use of additional antibiotics or other therapeutics used in aquaculture.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This work was funded in part by the NRSP-7 Minor Use Animal Drug Program - Northeast Region, from the USDA/CREES. N. Topic Popovic was the recipient of a Visiting Scholar Researcher Award from the Fulbright Program of the United States Department of State. We thank Dr. J.G. Scott, Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University, for technical assistance during this study.
Uncontrolled Keywords: hybrid striped bass; channel catfish; Nile tilapia; oxytetracycline; CYP450; CYP1A1; CYP1A2; CYP3A4
Subjects: BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Veterinary Medicine
Divisions: Division of Materials Chemistry
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Substanična biokemijska i filogenetska raznolikost tkiva riba, rakova i školjaka-Rozelinda Čož-Rakovac098-1782739-2749MZOS
Depositing User: Natalija Topić Popović
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2017 12:43
DOI: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2011.03.003

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