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Piscine cytochromes P450 (CYP) and their response to antimicrobial drugs

Topić Popović, Natalija; Sauerborn Klobučar, Roberta; Strunjak-Perović, Ivančica; Jadan, Margita; Barišić, Josip; Čož-Rakovac, Rozelinda (2015) Piscine cytochromes P450 (CYP) and their response to antimicrobial drugs. Aquaculture Research, 46 (2). pp. 257-271. ISSN 1355-557X

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Most research on the P450 (CYP) system in teleosts has been done on environmental factors that influence their induction. Less is known about CYP metabolism of aquaculture antibiotics. This paper outlines the impact of aquaculture antimicrobials on the piscine CYP system, with particular regard to interactions with tetracyclines, fluorokinolones, sulfonamides, berberine and chloramphenicol, as paradigms for current, potential and discontinued piscine antimicrobial drugs. It gives an overview of literature reports and advances in the field of biological significance of the CYP in fish. Emphasis has been placed on highlighting the most significant isoforms for biotransformation of drugs, and their drug response mechanisms. The challenge is to elucidate the differences in responses of CYP enzymes in different species to antimicrobial treatment since they may have relevance for the use of antimicrobials in aquaculture, especially since drug interactions with the fish CYP may alter their distribution, metabolism, and elimination. They can impact the metabolism of other drugs metabolized by the same system with an effect on the physiology of fish administered these antimicrobials. Also, they can affect the persistence of residues and the length of the withdrawal period. For food animals such as farmed fish, this knowledge is a fundamental biomedical goal.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cytochrome P450; CYP; fish; biotransformation; antimicrobial therapy
Subjects: BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Veterinary Medicine
Divisions: Division of Materials Chemistry
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Substanična biokemijska i filogenetska raznolikost tkiva riba, rakova i školjaka-Rozelinda Čož-Rakovac098-1782739-2749MZOS
Depositing User: Natalija Topić Popović
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2017 12:03
DOI: 10.1111/are.12197

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