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Does recreational scuba diving have clinically significant effect on routine haematological parameters?

Perovic, Antonija; Nikolac, Nora; Braticevic, Marina Njire; Milcic, Ana; Sobočanec, Sandra; Balog, Tihomir; Dabelic, Sanja; Dumic, Jerka (2017) Does recreational scuba diving have clinically significant effect on routine haematological parameters?. Biochemia Medica, 27 (2). pp. 325-331. ISSN 1330-0962

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Introduction: Scuba diving represents a combination of exercise and changes in environmental conditions. This study aimed to evaluate changes in haematological parameters after recreational scuba diving in order to identify clinically significant changes. Materials and methods: The study included males, 17 recreational divers, median age (range) 41(30-52) years. Blood samples were taken before diving, immediately after diving to 30 meters for 30 minutes, 3 hours and 6 hours after diving. Complete blood counts were analyzed on the Cell Dyn Ruby haematology analyzer. Statistical significance between successive measurements was tested using Friedman test. The difference between the two measurements was judged against desirable bias (DSB) derived from biological variation and calculated reference change values (RCV). The difference higher than RCV was considered clinically significant. Results: A statistically significant increase and difference judging against DSB was observed: for neutrophils immediately, 3 and 6 hours after diving (18%, 34% and 36%, respectively), for white blood cells (WBCs) 3 and 6 hours after diving (20% and 25%, respectively), for lymphocytes (20%) and monocytes (23%) 6 hours after diving. A statistically significant decrease and difference judging against DSB was found: immediately after diving for monocytes (- 15%), 3 and 6 hours after diving for red blood cells (RBCs) (- 2.6% and -2.9%, respectively), haemoglobin (- 2.1% and - 2.8%, respectively) and haematocrit (- 2.4% and - 3.2%, respectively). A clinically significant change was not found for any of the test parameters when compared to RCV. Conclusions: Observed statistically significant changes after recreational scuba diving; WBCs, neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes increase and RBCs, haemoglobin, haematocrit decrease, probably will not affect clinical decision.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: diving; preanalytical phase; blood cell count; evaluation
BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Basic Medical Sciences > Human Physiology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Depositing User: Sandra Sobočanec
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2018 12:48
DOI: 10.11613/BM.2017.035

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