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Interaction of the Human Papillomavirus E6 Oncoprotein with Sorting Nexin 27 Modulates Endocytic Cargo Transport Pathways

Ganti, Ketaki; Massimi, Paola; Manzo-Merino, Joaquin; Tomaić, Vjekoslav; Pim, David; Playford, Martin P; Lizano, Marcela; Roberts, Sally; Kranjec, Christian; John, Doorbar; Banks, Lawrence (2016) Interaction of the Human Papillomavirus E6 Oncoprotein with Sorting Nexin 27 Modulates Endocytic Cargo Transport Pathways. PLoS Pathogens, 12 (9). e1005854-1- e1005854. ISSN 1553-7366

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A subset of high-risk Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) are the causative agents of a large number of human cancers, of which cervical is the most common. Two viral oncoproteins, E6 and E7, contribute directly towards the development and maintenance of malignancy. A characteristic feature of the E6 oncoproteins from cancer-causing HPV types is the presence of a PDZ binding motif (PBM) at its C-terminus, which confers interaction with cellular proteins harbouring PDZ domains. Here we show that this motif allows E6 interaction with Sorting Nexin 27 (SNX27), an essential component of endosomal recycling pathways. This interaction is highly conserved across E6 proteins from multiple high-risk HPV types and is mediated by a classical PBM-PDZ interaction but unlike many E6 targets, SNX27 is not targeted for degradation by E6. Rather, in HPV-18 positive cell lines the association of SNX27 with components of the retromer complex and the endocytic transport machinery is altered in an E6 PBM-dependent manner. Analysis of a SNX27 cargo, the glucose transporter GLUT1, reveals an E6-dependent maintenance of GLUT1 expression and alteration in its association with components of the endocytic transport machinery. Furthermore, knockdown of E6 in HPV-18 positive cervical cancer cells phenocopies the loss of SNX27, both in terms of GLUT1 expression levels and its vesicular localization, with a concomitant marked reduction in glucose uptake, whilst loss of SNX27 results in slower cell proliferation in low nutrient conditions. These results demonstrate that E6 interaction with SNX27 can alter the recycling of cargo molecules, one consequence of which is modulation of nutrient availability in HPV transformed tumour cells.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding: This work was supported by research grants from the Associazione Italiana per la Ricerca sul Cancro (AIRC) ( to LB (Grant number IG14025) and the Wellcome Trust ( Grant number 0923450/Z10/Z to LB and Grant number 09345/B/10/Z to SR. CONACYT Mexico Grant number SS/IMSS/ISSSTE-CONACYT S0008-2015-1 261499 to ML. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Uncontrolled Keywords: HPV E6; sorting Nexin 27; endocytic cargo transport
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Basic Medical Sciences > History of Medicine and the Biomedical Sciences
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Associazione Italiana per la Ricerca sul Cancro (AIRC)UNSPECIFIEDIG14025UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Vjekoslav Tomaić
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2017 13:29
DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1005854

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