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First measurement of the polarization observable E and helicity-dependent cross sections in single π 0 photoproduction from quasi-free nucleons

Dieterle, M.; Korolija, Milorad; Supek, Ivan (2017) First measurement of the polarization observable E and helicity-dependent cross sections in single π 0 photoproduction from quasi-free nucleons. Physics letters. B, 770 . pp. 523-531. ISSN 0370-2693

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Abstract

The double-polarization observable E and the helicity-dependent cross sections sigma(1/2) and sigma(3/2) have been measured for the first time for single pi(0) photoproduction from protons and neutrons bound in the deuteron at the electron accelerator facility MAMI in Mainz, Germany. The experiment used a circularly polarized photon beam and a longitudinally polarized deuterated butanol target. The reaction products, recoil nucleons and decay photons from the pi(0) meson were detected with the Crystal Ball and TAPS electromagnetic calorimeters. Effects from nuclear Fermi motion were removed by a kinematic reconstruction of the pi N-0 final state. A comparison to data measured with a free proton target showed that the absolute scale of the cross sections is significantly modified by nuclear final-state interaction (FSI) effects. However, there is no significant effect on the asymmetry E since the sigma(1/2) and sigma(3/2) components appear to be influenced in a similar way. Thus, the best approximation of the two helicity-dependent cross sections for the free neutron is obtained by combining the asymmetry E measured with quasi-free neutrons and the unpolarized cross section corrected for FSI effects under the assumption that the FSI effects are similar for neutrons and protons.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: i-circle-dot; meson photoproduction; eta-photoproduction; baryon resonances; deuteron; neutrons; protons; asymmetry; photon ; pairs
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Divisions: Division of Experimental Physics
Projects:
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Study of Strongly Interacting Matter-HADRONPHYSICS2UNSPECIFIED227431EK
Depositing User: Milorad Korolija
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2017 11:36
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2017 11:36
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/3521
DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2017.04.079

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