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Investigation of the soluble metals in tissue as biological response pattern to environmental pollutants (Gammarus fossarum example)

Filipović Marijić, Vlatka; Dragun, Zrinka; Sertić Perić, Mirela; Matoničkin Kepčija, Renata; Gulin, Vesna; Velki, Mirna; Ečimović, Sandra; Hackenberger Kutuzović, Branimir; Erk, Marijana (2016) Investigation of the soluble metals in tissue as biological response pattern to environmental pollutants (Gammarus fossarum example). Chemosphere, 154 . pp. 300-309. ISSN 0045-6535

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In the present study, Gammarus fossarum was used to investigate the bioaccumulation and toxic effects of aquatic pollutants in the real environmental conditions. The novelty of the study is the evaluation of soluble tissue metal concentrations in gammarids as indicators in early assessment of metal exposure. In the Sutla River, industrially/rurally/agriculturally influenced catchment in North-Western Croatia, physico- chemical water properties pointed to disturbed ecological status, which was reflected on population scale as more than 50 times lower gammarid density compared to the reference location, Črnomerec Stream. Significantly higher levels of soluble toxic metals (Al, As, Cd, Pb, Sb, Sn, Sr) were observed in gammarids from the Sutla River compared to the reference site and reflected the data on higher total dissolved metal levels in the river water at that site. The soluble metal estimates were supplemented with the common multibiomarker approach, which showed significant biological responses for decreased acetylcholinesterase activity and increased total soluble protein concentrations, confirming stressed environmental conditions for biota in the Sutla River. Biomarker of metal exposure, metallothionein, was not induced and therefore, toxic effect of metals was not confirmed on molecular level. Comparable between-site pattern of soluble toxic metals in gammarids and total dissolved metal levels in water suggests that prior to biomarker response and observed toxic impact, soluble metals in tissue might be used as early warning signs of metal impact in the aquatic environment and improve the assessment of water quality.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: metallothionein; acetylcholinesterase; total water-soluble proteins; trace-metals; biomarkers; contaminant exposure
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Stanične promjene u vodnih organizama pobuđene metalima-Marijana Erk098-0982934-2721MZOS
Depositing User: Vlatka Filipović Marijić
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2017 09:48
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.03.058

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