hrvatski jezikClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Direct dimethyl ether synthesis from syngas on copper–zeolite hybrid catalysts with a wide range of zeolite particle sizes

Cai, Mengdie; Palčić, Ana; Subramanian, Vijayanand; Moldovan, Simona; Ersen, Ovidiu; Valtchev, Valentin; Ordomsky, Vitaly V.; Khodakov, Andrei Y. (2016) Direct dimethyl ether synthesis from syngas on copper–zeolite hybrid catalysts with a wide range of zeolite particle sizes. Journal of Catalysis, 338 . pp. 227-238. ISSN 0021-9517

[img]
Preview
PDF - Accepted Version - article
Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

This paper reports on direct dimethyl ether synthesis from syngas on hybrid bifunctional copper–zeolite catalysts. Both laboratory synthesized and commercial zeolites were used in this work. The catalyst performance is evaluated under pressure in a continuous fixed bed milli-reactor. The relationships between zeolite particle sizes, acidity and catalytic performance of the hybrid catalysts in dimethyl ether synthesis have been studied. The catalysts and catalyst precursors were characterized using a wide range of characterization techniques: nitrogen adsorption–desorption measurements, X-ray diffraction, 27Al NMR, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy with adsorbed molecular probes. It is found that the reaction rate in direct dimethyl ether synthesis is strongly affected by the sizes of zeolite particles. The hybrid catalysts containing small individual nanosized zeolite particles (60–100 nm) were much active than their counterparts with intergrown crystal agglomerates. The phenomenon is interpreted in terms of enhanced transport of methanol from the copper catalyst to the acid sites in the small zeolite particles with a shift of the thermodynamic equilibrium. The catalyst deactivation was attributed to copper sintering in the presence of the acid sites on the external surface of zeolites. It is established that the catalyst deactivation is less significant with the catalysts containing ZSM-5 zeolites with lower concentration of acid sites on the zeolite external surface. A new methodology to enhance the catalytic performance and stability of copper–zeolite hybrid catalysts for direct dimethyl ether synthesis is proposed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: zeolite ZSM-5; particle size; dimethyl ether synthesis; external surface acidity; deactivation
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry > Physical Chemistry
NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry > Inorganic Chemistry
NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry > Applied Chemistry
Divisions: Division of Materials Chemistry
Depositing User: Ana Palčić
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2016 14:28
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2016 14:28
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/3196
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcat.2016.02.025

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year