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Center of gravity (COG) method as a tool in processing of voltammetric signals

Jović, Ozren; Omanović, Dario; Zelić, Marina; Pižeta, Ivanka (2015) Center of gravity (COG) method as a tool in processing of voltammetric signals. Electroanalysis, 27 (10). pp. 2347-2356. ISSN 1040-0397

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The center of gravity method (COG) was applied (for the first time) in voltammetry (polarography) as a tool for very precise determination of peak potentials, and signal shifts. Basically, the adjustment of the method consists of finding the optimal fraction of the peak that contains information about peak position, either of original signal or of its 1st or 2nd derivatives, along with optimal selection of parameters for Savitzky-Golay smoothing of original curves and elimination of baseline influence. The principle of the method and its validation were demonstrated and checked on simulated differential pulse polarograms (DPP) representing a series of curves for the determination of stability constants of labile metal complexes (DeFord-Hume method). It was shown that COG outperforms the classical “one-point” method (OPM) in precision and accuracy, providing excellent results even if a very large step potential (e.g. 10 mV) was used. The problems of reduced accuracy and precision in case of curved (non-ideal) baseline and asymmetric peaks were successfully overcome by applying COG on curves transformed by 1st and/or 2nd derivatives. The method was additionally examined in details on a simple experimental dataset of cadmium chloride complexes in 4 mol dm−3 ionic strength solution and on a more complex dataset of uranyl selenate complexes in 3 mol dm−3 ionic strength solution. Stability constants obtained by COG agree well with those in the literature with much better precision than the classical one-point method (checked by standard error of the fit).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: center of gravity; voltammetry; derivatives; metal complexation; stability constants
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Elektroanalitička istraživanja mikrokristala i tragova otopljenih supstanci-Milivoj Lovrić098-0982904-2907MZOS
Spektroskopska analiza nezasićenih sustava i spojeva metala-Snežana Miljanić119-1191342-2959MZOS
Depositing User: Dario Omanović
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2016 16:12
DOI: 10.1002/elan.201500065

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