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Organic matter characterization and fate in the subarctic Norwegian fjords during late spring/summer period

Gašparović, Blaženka; Plavšić, Marta; Ćosović, Božena; Reigstad, Marit (2005) Organic matter characterization and fate in the subarctic Norwegian fjords during late spring/summer period. Estuarine, coastal and shelf science, 62 . pp. 95-107. ISSN 0272-7714

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The organic matter (OM) pool has been studied in two subarctic north Norwegian fjords, Balsfjord and Ullsfjord, in July 2001 and June 2003. Besides general OM parameters such as dissolved organic carbon (DOC), particulate organic carbon and nitrogen (POC and PON), the distribution of specific compounds such as folic acid and surface active substances (SAS) was followed. The attained results are supported with the data of salinity and temperature, and chlorophyll a (Chl a). This approach allowed to assess the fate of OM pool, and its distinct vertical, spatial, and seasonal variations. Fjord waters could be vertically divided in two layers: the upper mixed layer (UML), until 40 m depth, and the deep aphotic layer. Spatial variability between the two fjords is a consequence of different influences of shelf waters on the fjords. Significant enrichment of POC and PON concentrations (3 to 5 times), as well as those of particulate SAS and folic acid (up to 3.2 times) in the UML was recorded during the period of new production, in early June. Depletion of particulate OM in deep waters was ascribed to fast dissolution or remineralization in the UML or upper part of aphotic layer. OM in July 2001 was characterized with 15.9 % higher DOC pool compared to June 2003, and had refractory properties, suggesting the fjords to be an important source of organic matter to continental shelf ecosystem. The DOC pool in these subarctic fjords represents the major component of OM pool. Fjords DOC concentrations are lower than those in previously studied warmer seas (eg. The Adriatic Sea), whereas the concentrations of folic acid and SAS are comparable to those in the Adriatic Sea.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: organic matter ; folic acid ; surfactant activity ; subarctic fjords ; Norway
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Marine Science
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Priroda i reaktivnost organskih tvari u moru i okolišuBožena Ćosović0098122UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Blaženka Gašparović
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2016 13:30
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2004.08.008

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