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Elastin aging and lipid oxidation products in human aorta

Žarković, Kamelija; Larroque-Cardoso, Pauline; Pucelle, Mellanie; Salvayre, Robert; Waeg, Georg; Nègre-Salvayre, Anne; Žarković, Neven (2015) Elastin aging and lipid oxidation products in human aorta. Redox Biology, 4 . pp. 109-117. ISSN 2213-2317

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Vascular aging is associated with structural and functional modifications of the arteries, and by an increase in arterial wall thickening in the intima and the media, mainly resulting from structural modifications of the extracellular matrix (ECM) components. Among the factors known to accumulate with aging, advanced lipid peroxidation end products (ALEs) are a hallmark of oxidative stress-associated diseases such as atherosclerosis. Aldehydes generated from the peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), (4-hydroxynonenal, malondialdehyde, acrolein), form adducts on cellular proteins, leading to a progressive protein dysfunction with consequences in the pathophysiology of vascular aging. The contribution of these aldehydes to ECM modification is not known. This study was carried out to investigate whether aldehyde-adducts are detected in the intima and media in human aorta, whether their level is increased in vascular aging, and whether elastin fibers are a target of aldehyde-adduct formation. Immunohistological and confocal immunofluorescence studies indicate that 4-HNE-histidine-adducts accumulate in an age-related manner in the intima, media and adventitia layers of human aortas, and are mainly expressed in smooth muscle cells. In contrast, even if the structure of elastin fiber is strongly altered in the aged vessels, our results show that elastin is not or very poorly modified by 4-HNE. These data indicate a complex role for lipid peroxidation and in particular for 4-HNE in elastin homeostasis, in the vascular wall remodeling during aging and atherosclerosis development.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 4-hydroxynonenal; elastin; atherosclerosis; smooth muscle cells; extracellular matrix; aging
Subjects: BIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES > Biotechnology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Lipids, free radicals and their messengers in integrative oncology (Lipidi, slobodni radikali i njihovi glasnici u integrativnoj onkologiji)Neven Žarković098-0982464-2519MZOS
Oxidative stress and central nervous system tumors (Oksidacijski stres i tumori središnjeg živčanog sustava)Kamelija Žarković108-0000000-0028MZOS
Depositing User: Neven Žarković
Date Deposited: 24 May 2016 13:48
DOI: 10.1016/j.redox.2014.12.008

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