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Quantum mixing of Markov chains for special distributions

Dunjko, Vedran; Briegel, H. J. (2015) Quantum mixing of Markov chains for special distributions. New Journal of Physics, 17 . 073004/1-073004/13. ISSN 1367-2630

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The preparation of the stationary distribution of irreducible, time-reversible Markov chains (MCs) is a fundamental building block in many heuristic approaches to algorithmically hard problems. It has been conjectured that quantum analogs of classical mixing processes may offer a generic quadratic speed-up in realizing such stationary distributions. Such a speed-up would also imply a speed-up of a broad family of heuristic algorithms. However, a true quadratic speed up has thus far only been demonstrated for special classes of MCs. These results often presuppose a regular structure of the underlying graph of the MC, and also a regularity in the transition probabilities. In this work, we demonstrate a true quadratic speed-up for a class of MCs where the restriction is only on the form of the stationary distribution, rather than directly on the MC structure itself. In particular, we show efficient mixing can be achieved when it is known beforehand that the distribution is monotonically decreasing relative to a known order on the state space. Following this, we show that our approach extends to a wider class of distributions, where only a fraction of the shape of the distribution is known to be monotonic. Our approach is built on the Szegedy-type quantization of transition operators.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: quantum walks; quantum mixing; Markov chain Monte Carlo
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Divisions: Division of Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Vedran Dunjko
Date Deposited: 03 May 2016 13:44
DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/17/7/073004

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