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The association between catechol-O-methyltransferase gene variants and childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Nikolac, Matea; Hercigonja Novković, Vesna; Čurković, Mario; Muck-Šeler, Dorotea; Pivac, Nela (2011) The association between catechol-O-methyltransferase gene variants and childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. In: 23rd Biennial Meeting of the International Society for Neurochemistry jointly with the European Society for Neurochemistry (28 August 2011 - 1 September 2011) Atena, Grčka.

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Abstract

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a multifactorial, highly heritable developmental disorder characterized by behavioral symptoms of impulsivity, hyperactivity and/or inattention. The enzyme cathecol-O-methyl transferase (COMT), which is responsible for the degradation of catecholamines, could have an important role in genetic susceptibility to ADHD. COMT could play a significant role in modulating dopamine levels in the prefrontal cortex which was implicated in ADHD etiology. We aimed to analyze the association of COMT Val108/158Met (rs4680) polymorphism which affects COMT activity with ADHD features since genetic studies of the functional Val158Met polymorphism in ADHD have been inconsistent. The study included 113 medication free children with ADHD diagnosed according to the DSM-IV criteria and 187 children without psychiatric diagnoses and free of medication that served as control group. Genotyping was done using the TaqMan SNP Genotyping Assay. We found an association between Val108/158Met polymorphism and the symptoms of ADHD in male, but not in female children. Lack of association in female children is probably due to a small number of female patients with ADHD, which represents the limitation of this study. We also found an association with ADHD features when comparing Val carriers to Met/Met homozygotes in male children. These differences were especially significant when comparing male patients with combined type of ADHD with healthy control subjects. Our results confirmed the association between COMT variants and ADHD in male children, which was due to the higher frequency of Met/Met homozygotes in children with ADHD compared to healthy controls. These results suggest that carriers of the high activity COMT variant are less prone to develop ADHD. This study also suggests that COMT Val108/158Met polymorphism is associated with the ADHD combined subtype.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item published in conference proceedings (UNSPECIFIED)
Uncontrolled Keywords: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; combined type of ADHD; catechol-O-methyltransferase
Subjects: BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Basic Medical Sciences
BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Basic Medical Sciences > Neuroscience
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Projects:
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Molecular basis and treatment of psychiatric and stress related disorders (Molekularna podloga i liječenje psihijatrijskih i stresom izazvanih poremećaja)Nela Pivac098-0982522-2455MZOS
Pharmacogenomics and proteomics of serotonergic and catecholaminergic system (Farmakogenomika i proteomika serotoninskog i kateholaminskog sustava)Dorotea Muck-Šeler098-0982522-2457MZOS
Depositing User: Matea Nikolac Perković
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2015 10:51
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2015 10:51
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/2395
DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2011.07326.x

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