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BDNF plasma levels and cognitive function in patients with alzheimer’s disease and mild cognitive impairment

Nikolac Perković, Matea; Borovečki, Fran; Filipčić, Igor; Klepac, Nataša; Hajnšek, Sanja; Muck-Šeler, Dorotea; Pivac, Nela (2014) BDNF plasma levels and cognitive function in patients with alzheimer’s disease and mild cognitive impairment. In: Šimić, Goran; Mimica, Ninoslav, (eds.) Neurologia Croatica. Zagreb, Denona d.o.o., p. 34 .

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Introduction: Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important member of neurotrophin family. Reduced BDNF concentration in different brain areas has been associated with dementia and cognitive decline. Since there is no cure for Alzheimer disease (AD), the studies of the early phases of AD have pointed out the importance of early detection of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The aim of this study was to define the role of BDNF in the development of cognitive symptoms of dementia by analysing BDNF plasma concentration in patients with AD and MCI. Methods: The study included 119 patients with AD and 50 patients with MCI, diagnosed according to NINCDS-ADRDA and DSM-IV criteria. Cognitive impairment was evaluated using Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE). Plasma BDNF levels were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, according to the procedures supplied by the manufacturer (R&D Systems GmbH Wiesbaden-Nordenstadt, Germany). The association of plasma BDNF levels with cognitive decline was evaluated using Kruskal–Wallis one-way analysis of variance and Mann–Whitney U test. Results: Our results showed no significant difference in plasma BDNF levels between patients with AD and MCI (U=3453.5 ; P=0.100). After dividing the patients with AD according to MMSE scores into patients with mild cognitive impairment (mild AD), moderate cognitive impairment (moderate AD), and severe cognitive impairment (severe AD), a significant (H=6.59 ; df=2 ; P=0.037) association between plasma BDNF levels and cognitive decline was detected, due to a significantly lower BDNF plasma levels in AD patients with severe cognitive impairment compared to patients with moderate and mild AD. After comparing the patients with MCI to AD patients, subdivided according to MMSE scores, a significant difference in plasma BDNF levels between these groups was confirmed (H = 9.62 ; df=3 ; P = 0.022). Conclusion: In all analyses, patients with severe AD had significantly lower levels of plasma BDNF compared to other groups of patients. Results showed significant trend toward lower plasma BDNF concentration in patients with lower cognitive abilities and these results indicated a possible upregulation of BDNF in patients with mild AD, which may reflect a compensatory mechanism for beta-amyloid accumulation in this early stage of neurodegeneration.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item published in conference proceedings (UNSPECIFIED)
Uncontrolled Keywords: BDNF; Alzheimer's disease; mild cognitive impairment; cognition
BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Basic Medical Sciences > Neuroscience
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Pharmacogenomics and proteomics of serotonergic and catecholaminergic system (Farmakogenomika i proteomika serotoninskog i kateholaminskog sustava)-Dorotea Muck-Šeler098-0982522-2457MZOS
Molecular basis and treatment of psychiatric and stress related disorders (Molekularna podloga i liječenje psihijatrijskih i stresom izazvanih poremećaja)-Nela Pivac098-0982522-2455MZOS
Depositing User: Matea Nikolac Perković
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2015 10:48

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