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Association Study of a Functional Catechol-O-Methyltransferase Polymorphism and Cognitive Function in Patients with Dementia

Nedić, Gordana; Borovečki, Fran; Klepac, Nataša; Mubrin, Zdenko; Hajnšek, Sanja; Nikolac, Matea; Muck-Šeler, Dorotea; Pivac, Nela (2011) Association Study of a Functional Catechol-O-Methyltransferase Polymorphism and Cognitive Function in Patients with Dementia. Collegium antropologicum, 45 (S1). pp. 79-84. ISSN 0350-6134

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Abstract

A functional catechol-o-methyltransferase (COMT Val158/108Met) polymorphism, a valine (Val) to methionine (Met) substitution, has been associated with cognitive processing in the normal brain, older age, mild cognitive impairment and in various dementias. COMT is involved in the breakdown of dopamine and other catecholamines, especially in the frontal cortex ; hence the carriers of Met allele, with the lower enzymatic activity, are expected to perform better on particular neuro-cognitive tests. The study included 46 patients with dementia and 65 healthy older subjects. The neurological status was assessed, using the Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE), and the batery of different neurological tests. In DNA samples COMT polymorphism was genotyped. Patients with dementia exhibited significant genotype-induced differences in scores for MMSE, Visual Association Test (VAT) duration of numbers test, VAT time of response to numbers test, VAT average response to numbers test and WPLCR/PPLR unanswered. Carriers of Met/Met genotype had significantly lower scores of MMSE, significantly longer time to respond to VAT duration of numbers test, VAT time of response to numbers test and VAT average response to numbers test, and significantly greater number of unanswered questions to WPLCR/PPLR when compared to Met/Val or Val/Val genotypes. Our preliminary data showed significantly impaired performance in several neuro-cognitive tests in carriers of Met/Met genotype in patients with dementia compared to either Met/Val or Val/Val genotype carriers. Although Met/Met genotype with more dopamine available in the frontal cortex should be associated with better neuro-cognitive test results than Met/Val or Val/Val genotype, our data on patients with dementia did not confirm this hypothesis. Further study on larger sample of patients is needed to clarify the role of COMT polymorphism in cognitive functions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: COMT polymorphism ; cognitive function ; dementia
Subjects: BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Basic Medical Sciences
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Projects:
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Genomic Analysis of Transcriptome and Interactome in Complex Disease Patients (Genomska analiza transkriptoma i interaktoma u bolesnika s kompleksnim bolestima)-Fran Borovečki108-1081874-1923MZOS
Pharmacogenomics and proteomics of serotonergic and catecholaminergic system (Farmakogenomika i proteomika serotoninskog i kateholaminskog sustava)-Dorotea Muck-Šeler098-0982522-2457MZOS
Molecular basis and treatment of psychiatric and stress related disorders (Molekularna podloga i liječenje psihijatrijskih i stresom izazvanih poremećaja)-Nela Pivac098-0982522-2455MZOS
Pattern of cortical functions' impairment in neruological diseases (Sustav poremećaja kortikalnih funkcija u neurološkim bolestima)-Nataša Klepac108-0131484-0032MZOS
Depositing User: Matea Nikolac Perković
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2015 12:44
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2015 12:44
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/2365

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