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Stable isotope composition of surface and deep waters from Plitvice Lakes

Krajcar Bronić, Ines; Barešić, Jadranka; Sironić, Andreja; Horvatinčić, Nada (2015) Stable isotope composition of surface and deep waters from Plitvice Lakes. In: ESIR Isotope Workshop XIII (20 September 2015 - 24 September 2015) Zadar, Hrvatska.

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Official URL: http://esir2015.irb.hr/

Abstract

Within the project "The influence of climatic changes and environmental conditions on biologically induced precipitation of tufa and sedimentation process in the Plitvice Lakes", contracted between the Ruđer Bošković Institute and the National Park Plitvice Lakes, various isotopic data for water, tufa, lake sediments and atmosphere were collected in the period from April 2011 to April 2014. Here we present isotopic composition (delta2H and delta18O) of surface and deep waters. The study area was the Plitvice Lakes system of 16 lakes separated by tuffa barriers and interconnected by waterfalls. Surface water was collected at 8 locations along the water course in length of ~10 km from Matica (the main stream feeding the lakes) to the Korana River (the outflow from the lake system), while the deep water was collected at 4 sediment traps in different lakes (IRB1 and IRB2 in Lake Kozjak at water depth 6 m and 8 – 10 m, respectively, IRB3 in Lake Prošće at 6 m, IRB4 in Gradinsko Lake at 2 m). Both delta2H and delta18O of water show seasonal variations with higher values during summer, but the seasonal variations (<1.4 ‰ in delta18O, <9 ‰ in delta2H) are much smaller than in precipitation of the area (delta18O values in precipitation varied from -16 ‰ to -2 ‰, and delta2H from -120 ‰ to -10 ‰ [1] confirming that the waters of the system are well mixed. No difference between deep and surface waters is observed if the mean values are concerned. A slight increase in both mean delta2H and delta18O values and their seasonal variations is observed for locations along the water course, from -10.7 ± 0.1 ‰ at Matica to -10.3 ± 0.3 ‰ at the Korana River. Influence of heavy summer rains and snow melting was observed by slight increase and decrease, respectively, in delta18O values compared to the average/"normal" values in both surface and deep waters. The LMWL for the Plitvice Lakes precipitation is delta2H = 7.8 delta18O + 11.7 [1]. All surface waters in this study lie on the line delta2H = (6.5 ± 0.3) delta18O – (2.8 ± 3.0), R2 = 0.88, and the deep water on the line delta2H = (5.8 ± 0.3) delta18O – (9.5 ± 3.0), R2 = 0.91. Lower slopes and intercepts of both relations compared to the LMWL indicate influence of evaporation of surface waters that is more pronounced in big lakes, and also more pronounced in deep that in surface waters. [1] Babinka S, Obelić B, Krajcar Bronić I, Horvatinčić N, Barešić J, Kapelj S, Suckow A. In: Advances in Isotope Hydrology and its Role in Sustainable Water Resources Management (IHS-2007), Proceedings of a Symposium, Vol. 1, STI/PUB/1310. IAEA, 2007. 327-336.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item published in conference proceedings (UNSPECIFIED)
Uncontrolled Keywords: stable isotopes; Plitvice Lakes
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences
Divisions: Division of Experimental Physics
Depositing User: Ines Krajcar Bronić
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2015 11:09
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2017 10:03
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/2235

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