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A Bayesian analysis of redshifted 21-cm H I signal and foregrounds: simulations for LOFAR

Ghosh, Abhik; Koopmans, Léon V. E.; Chapman, E.; Jelić, Vibor (2015) A Bayesian analysis of redshifted 21-cm H I signal and foregrounds: simulations for LOFAR. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 452 (2). pp. 1587-1600. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

Observations of the epoch of reionization (EoR) using the 21-cm hyperfine emission of neutral hydrogen (H I) promise to open an entirely new window on the formation of the first stars, galaxies and accreting black holes. In order to characterize the weak 21- cm signal, we need to develop imaging techniques that can reconstruct the extended emission very precisely. Here, we present an inversion technique for LOw Frequency ARray (LOFAR) baselines at the North Celestial Pole (NCP), based on a Bayesian formalism with optimal spatial regularization, which is used to reconstruct the diffuse foreground map directly from the simulated visibility data. We notice that the spatial regularization de-noises the images to a large extent, allowing one to recover the 21-cm power spectrum over a considerable k⊥-k∥ space in the range 0.03 Mpc-1 < k⊥ < 0.19 Mpc-1 and 0.14 Mpc-1 < k∥ < 0.35 Mpc-1 without subtracting the noise power spectrum. We find that, in combination with using generalized morphological component analysis (GMCA), a non-parametric foreground removal technique, we can mostly recover the spherical average power spectrum within 2σ statistical fluctuations for an input Gaussian random root-mean-square noise level of 60 mK in the maps after 600 h of integration over a 10-MHz bandwidth.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: methods; data analysis; technique; interferometric; cosmology; general; diffuse radiation; radio continuum; general
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics > Astronomy and Astrophysics
Divisions: Division of Experimental Physics
Depositing User: Vibor Jelić
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2015 13:56
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2016 13:31
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/2103
DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv1355

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