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Cadmium accumulation and Cd-binding proteins in marine invertebrates - a radiotracer study

Erk, Marijana; Ruus, Anders; Ingebrigtsen, Kristian; Hylland, Ketil (2005) Cadmium accumulation and Cd-binding proteins in marine invertebrates - a radiotracer study. Chemosphere, 61 (11). pp. 1651-1664. ISSN 0045-6535

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Tissue and subcellular accumulation of cadmium were studied in different tissues of three marine invertebrates (blue mussel Mytilus edulis, the tunicate Ciona intestinalis and the sea star Asterias rubens) using radioactive Cd-109 as a tracer. The organisms were exposed to 0.05, 2 and 50 ug Cd L-1 for 21 days. Quantitative data were obtained by dissecting, weighing and subsequently measuring radioactivity in organs and tissues. Differences between each exposure and each tissue with regard to the amount of radioactivity and metallothionein (MT) content were evaluated. Obvious interspecies differences in Cd accumulation were observed, as well as differences between tissues of the three species. The highest concentrations of Cd in all exposure treatments were found in the hepatopancreas of M. edulis and body wall of A. rubens. Taking all treatments into account, Cd accumulation in the tunic of C. intestinalis was high compared to other tissues from this species. Over 60% of Cd was present in the S50 fraction in all treatments in all three species. Metallothionein levels were increased at the highest Cd-exposure in all species and tissues, but patterns differed. The most surprising finding was that even the lowest Cd exposure concentration (0.05 ug Cd L-1) caused MT induction in pyloric caeca of A. rubens, but there was no dose-dependent increase in MT at higher exposure levels.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: blue mussel Mytilus edulis; sea star Asterias rubens; sea squirt Ciona intestinalis; cadmium; metallothioneins
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Marine Science
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Depositing User: Marijana Erk
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2015 08:04
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.04.038

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