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Croatian current research information system (CRIS) model

Macan, Bojan (2015) Croatian current research information system (CRIS) model. Doctoral thesis, Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Filozofski fakultet.

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The goal of this doctoral dissertation was to build a model of Croatian research information system which will contain structured descriptions of its basic components, and at the same time enable open access to archived publications. Therefore, the review of recent literature about the main actors and results of research activities is presented in the first part of this dissertation. These are usually the main entities of research information systems – research institutions, persons involved in research activities, results (publications and patents), scientific equipment and events. A special emphasis was given to results of research activities, which is one of the most important parts of research information, and at the same time the central part of the model proposed in this dissertation. Since one of the goals of this dissertation was to propose a model able to disseminate results of Croatian research activities in open access, the concepts related with open access to scientific information are also discussed, as well as bibliometric and altmetric aspects of research evaluation in order for the proposed model to be usable for evaluation of Croatian scientific activities. Theoretical background of the model itself relies on current literature related with two main types of systems dealing with scientific information - digital repositories and research information systems. Since the proposed model is based on the integration of two abovementioned information systems, interoperability of those systems is an important topic, especially metadata formats (Dublin Core (DC) and Common European Research Information Format (CERIF)), controlled vocabularies, unique identifiers, as well as protocols for metadata exchange. In the process of designing a system for archiving digital materials, it is very important to take into account the problems related with the technological obsolescence, i.e., the continuous technological development of hardware, software and formats, which makes the long-term preservation of digital material stored in repositories harder to achieve. Therefore, the Open Archival Information System (OAIS) reference model that develops a full range of archival information preservation functionalities, such as input, archival storage, management, preservation planning, access and dissemination, was studied. After the review of current literature, examples of good practices in Slovenia, Norway and Netherlands were studied, as well as the current state and analyses of Croatian databases which store information about certain segments of Croatian scientific activities (Croatian scientific bibliography (CROSBI), existing institutional repositories (Full-text institutional Repository of the Ruđer Bošković Institute (FULIR), University of Zagreb Medical School repository (MEF), Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences institutional repository (FFZG) and FAMENA PhD collection (FSB)), Who is who in Croatian science, Pair of compasses – database of scientific equipment, zProjects, Register of scientific organizations and Register of scientists). A special attention was given to publication databases, where an analysis of metadata elements and controlled vocabularies in use was made. The results of this analysis were used for gathering good insight into Croatian current practice and as a starting point in building the proposed model. Based on the studied literature, examples of good practice in chosen European countries, current state and analysis of existing infrastructure in Croatia and author’s vision of information architecture and the required functionality of such system, a Croatian current research information system model was proposed. The proposed model effectively describes and connects all components of Croatian scientific system, and at the same time enables the visibility of its scientific activity and productivity, as well as the long-term preservation of archived material. The suggested model consists of six interconnected databases which gather information about Croatian scientific institutions, Croatian scientists and other persons related with research activities, projects, results of scientific activity (publications and projects), scientific equipment and events. All these databases are a part of one large interoperable system called Croatian Research Information System (CroRIS). The acronym itself also implies that CroRIS system is CEFIF compliant and therefore a CRIS system (Current Research Information System). CroRIS model elaborates system’s basic processes and functionalities of each database, metadata element sets for entity record description, associated application profiles and used controlled vocabularies. The proposed metadata elements sets are mapped into appropriate CERIF attributes, while metadata elements for publications are additionally mapped with Dublin Core Metadata Element Set (DCMES) due to the OAI-PMH interoperability issues. Values of proposed controlled vocabularies are mapped with the CERIF semantic layer, as well as with relevant controlled vocabularies needed for digital repository interoperability. As a part of the proposed model, procedures of record ingest and administration jurisdiction and rights for each database are also elaborated on the level of every institution, as well as on the level of whole databases. The central part of the proposed model consists of a database about publications written by Croatian scientists called CROPUB, which is acronym for CROatian PUBlications as well as for Croatian Repository Of PUBlications. CROPUB represents central Croatian scientific bibliographic database, but also the central infrastructure for setting up, hosting and maintenance of institutional repositories for the Croatian scientific institutions. CROPUB is also an orphan repository for Croatian institutions which do not have their own institutional repository, as well as the harvester from locally implemented institutional repositories. Besides, CROPUB is in charge of long term preservation of archived digital materials. Since there is a constant growing need for a tool which could provide insights into the results of scientific activity of a certain scientific society, as well as adding an extra value to these information, CROPUB enables the collection of various bibliometric and altmetric indicators about publications. In this way CROPUB represents a tool with potential for official usage in various evaluation purposes. Academic and special libraries should have the most important role in administration and maintenance of CROPUB and should take over the role of CROPUB editors at the level of their institutions, but also take responsibility for a large portion of work related to the copyright issues and education of users. The database about institutions represents the central database of Croatian scientific institutions, as well as their uniquely identified organizational subunits. The main goal of this database is to enable the linkage of records about other CroRIS entities with institution and its subunits records in order to enable the insight of their scientific activities. The database about persons is designed as a central portal about scientists and other persons included in scientific activities in Croatia and to uniquely identify every person in it. One part of information about persons is publicly available, another part is private, and persons have jurisdiction to decide about public availability of certain part of personal information. Persons have the ability to link their profile with records of other CroRIS entities either directly, or by sending a request to designated administrators/editors. Editors of database about persons at the level of institutions are responsible for administration of basic information about all persons employed at that institution. The proposed model of database about projects has a role of central national database of all domestic and international project in which Croatian scientists are involved in. This database has a possibility of monitoring life cycle of project proposals, as well as granted projects, depending upon wishes of every institution. Project records consist of two parts – the basic record about the project itself and the part of record about institution’s involvement in the project. The ‘owner’ and the main administrator of the project record is the administrator which created a project record, while editors at the institution level are responsible for parts of record which are related with involvement of their institution in the project. Project records are linking with records of other entities of CroRIS system, where linkage with institution and persons is made at the moment of creation of the project record. On the other hand, linking with publications, scientific equipment and events is taking place at the moment of creation of those external records. The last two parts of the proposed CroRIS model are scientific equipment and events databases. The basic role of scientific equipment database is dissemination of information about the existence of certain equipment at Croatian scientific institutions, which could potentially increase its utilization and at the same time enable better conditions for carrying out research activities in Croatia. Records about scientific equipment can be linked with records of other entities in CroRIS system through the process of project record entering and/or the process of entering record about other CroRIS entities. Records about events organized by Croatian scientific institutions or their employees (e.g. conferences, workshops) and records about other events at which Croatian scientists were participating are stored in events database. Event record can be entered into the event database via its central interface or during the process of entering records about other entities in CroRIS system which should be linked with a certain event. If there is no record about a certain event entered into the event database, during the process of entering a record of another entity, users can enter a new event record via the pop-up window. The majority of administration of event database lies on the main administrators on a global level, while editors at the institutional level are responsible only for event records linked with their institution on an organizational level. The practical implementation of the proposed model based on examples of European good practice and on the analysis of the current state in Croatia would consolidate and interconnect existing isolated parts of the Croatian scientific infrastructure. In this way a good foundations for creation of a unique system for monitoring scientific activities would be built, as well as information basis for defining scientific policies and other scientific decision making.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral thesis)
Uncontrolled Keywords: (current) research information systems; CRIS; RIS; Common European Research Information Format; CERIF; digital repositories; institutional repositories; open access; OA; open access repositories; OAR; information system interoperability; long term preservation; scientific evaluation
Subjects: SOCIAL SCIENCES > Information and Communication Sciences
SOCIAL SCIENCES > Information and Communication Sciences > Archives and Documentation Studies
SOCIAL SCIENCES > Information and Communication Sciences > Information Systems and Information Science
SOCIAL SCIENCES > Information and Communication Sciences > Library Science
Divisions: Centre for scientific information
Depositing User: Bojan Macan
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2015 08:39

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