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Combination of cyclopamine and tamoxifen promotes survival and migration of MCF-7 breast cancer cells – interaction of Hedgehog-Gli and Estrogen receptor signaling pathways

Sabol, Maja; Trnski, Diana; Uzarevic, Zvonimir; Ozretić, Petar; Musani, Vesna; Rafaj, Maja; Cindrić, Mario; Levanat, Sonja (2014) Combination of cyclopamine and tamoxifen promotes survival and migration of MCF-7 breast cancer cells – interaction of Hedgehog-Gli and Estrogen receptor signaling pathways. PLoS ONE, 9 (12). e114510/1-e114510/23. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

Hedgehog-Gli (Hh-Gli) signaling pathway is one of the new molecular targets found upregulated in breast tumors. Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) signaling has a key role in the development of hormone-dependent breast cancer. We aimed to investigate the effects of inhibiting both pathways simultaneously on breast cancer cell survival and the potential interactions between these two signaling pathways. ER-positive MCF-7 cells show decreased viability after treatment with cyclopamine, a Hh-Gli pathway inhibitor, as well as after tamoxifen (an ERα inhibitor) treatment. Simultaneous treatment with cyclopamine and tamoxifen on the other hand, causes short-term survival of cells, and increased migration. We found upregulated Hh-Gli signaling under these conditions and protein profiling revealed increased expression of proteins involved in cell proliferation and migration. Therefore, even though Hh-Gli signaling seems to be a good potential target for breast cancer therapy, caution must be advised, especially when combining therapies. In addition, we also show a potential direct interaction between the Shh protein and ERα in MCF-7 cells. Our data suggest that the Shh protein is able to activate ERα independently of the canonical Hh-Gli signaling pathway. Therefore, this may present an additional boost for ER-positive cells that express Shh, even in the absence of estrogen

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: PTCH1; Gli1; sonic hedgehog; estrogen receptor; Breast Cancer
Subjects: BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Basic Medical Sciences
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Projects:
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Prijenos signala u tumorima: Hh-Gli put, interakcije i potencijalne terapije[113154] Sonja Levanat098-0982464-2461MZOS
Depositing User: Maja Sabol
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2015 12:00
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2015 12:00
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/2051
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0114510

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