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Evaluation of histopathological alterations in the gills of Vardar chub (Squalius vardarensis Karaman) as an indicator of river pollution

Barišić, Josip; Dragun, Zrinka; Ramani, Sheriban; Filipović Marijić, Vlatka; Krasnići, Nesrete; Čož Rakovac, Rozelinda; Kostov, Vasil; Rebok, Katerina; Jordanova, Maja (2015) Evaluation of histopathological alterations in the gills of Vardar chub (Squalius vardarensis Karaman) as an indicator of river pollution. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 118 . pp. 158-166. ISSN 0147-6513

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Quantification of histopathological alterations in the gills of Vardar chub (Squalius vardarensis Karaman) was performed in 2012 in rivers of north- eastern Macedonia, with the aim to examine the effects of water quality in the rivers (Zletovska and Kriva River - impacted by active Pb/Zn mines ; Bregalnica River - contaminated by agricultural waste). The biological alterations in chub were classified as: circulatory disturbances, regressive and progressive changes, but their severity differed. Altogether the mildest changes were observed in the gills of chub from the Bregalnica River, a less polluted river, whereas mining impacted rivers were characterized by more severe alterations. In the gills of chub from the Zletovska River, which is highly contaminated with numerous metals, sulphates and chlorides, the highest lesion indices were found for the regressive changes of both epithelium and supporting tissue, with typical lesions referring to atrophy, thinning and lifting of epithelial cells, necrosis of epithelium and chloride cells, as well as deformations of lamellar cartilaginous base. Gill damages of chub from the Kriva River were overall milder compared to the Zletovska River, in accordance with pollution status. In the gills of chub from that river, progressive changes were more pronounced, specifically severe hyperplasia of mucous cells and epithelium in the interlammellar space, leading to fusion of lamellae, as well as hypertrophy of chloride cells. The comparison between seasons indicated higher intensity of progressive changes in all three rivers in autumn, when water level was very low, and consequently, water contamination was more pronounced due to concentration effect. The pattern and severity of histopathological alterations in the chub gills reflected differences in contamination levels and type of contaminants in different rivers and sampling periods, and thus have been proven as a valuable indicator of water quality.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: agriculture; freshwater fish; gills; histopathology; mining
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Ecology
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Division of Materials Chemistry
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Stanične promjene u vodnih organizama pobuđene metalima[40333] Biserka Raspor098-0982934-2721MZOS
Substanična biokemijska i filogenetska raznolikost tkiva riba, rakova i školjaka[153555] Rozelinda Čož-Rakovac098-1782739-2749MZOS
Croatian-Macedonian bilateral projects “The assessment of availability and effects of metals on fish in the rivers under the impact of mining activities”Zrinka DragunUNSPECIFIEDMZOS
Croatian-Macedonian bilateral project “Bacterial and parasitical communities of chub as indicators of the status of environment exposed to mining activities”Damir KapetanovićUNSPECIFIEDMZOS
Depositing User: Zrinka Dragun
Date Deposited: 06 May 2015 10:25
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2015.04.027

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