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Metal Bioavailability in the Sava River Water

Dragun, Zrinka; Filipović Marijić, Vlatka; Vuković, Marijana; Raspor, Biserka (2015) Metal Bioavailability in the Sava River Water. In: The Sava River. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry . Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 123-155. ISBN 978-3-662-44033-9

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Metals present one of the major contamination problems for freshwater systems, such as the Sava River, due to their high toxicity, persistence, and tendency to accumulate in sediment and living organisms. The comprehensive assessment of the metal bioavailability in the Sava River encompassed the analyses of dissolved and DGT-labile metal species of nine metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn) in the river water, as well as the evaluation of the accumulation of five metals (Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn) in three organs (liver, gills, and gastrointestinal tissue) of the bioindicator organism, fish species European chub (Squalius cephalus L.).This survey was conducted mainly during the year 2006, in two sampling campaigns, in April/May and September, as periods representative for chub spawning and post-spawning. Additionally, metal concentrations were determined in the intestinal parasites acanthocephalans, which are known for their high affinity for metal accumulation. Metallothionein concentrations were also determined in three chub organs, as a commonly applied biomarker of metal exposure. Based on the metal concentrations in the river water, the Sava River was defined as weakly contaminated and mainly comparable with unpolluted rivers, which enabled the analyses of physiological variability of metal and metallothionein concentrations in the chub organs, as well as the establishment of their constitutive levels.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: acanthocephalans; DGT, European chub; metals; metallothioneins
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry > Analytic Chemistry
NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry > Inorganic Chemistry
NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Ecology
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Environmental Science
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Stanične promjene u vodnih organizama pobuđene metalima[40333] Biserka Raspor098-0982934-2721MZOS
SAva RIver Basin : Sustainable Use, Managment and Protection of Resources - SARIBBiserka Raspor509160FP6
Depositing User: Zrinka Dragun
Date Deposited: 11 May 2015 13:36
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-44034-6_6

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