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Evolutionary story of a satellite DNA from Phodopus sungorus (Rodentia, Cricetidae)

Paço, Ana; Adega, Filomena; Meštrović, Nevenka; Plohl, Miroslav; Chaves, Raquel (2014) Evolutionary story of a satellite DNA from Phodopus sungorus (Rodentia, Cricetidae). Genome Biology and Evolution, 6 (10). pp. 2944-2955. ISSN 1759-6653

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With the goal to contribute for the understanding of satellite DNA evolution and its genomic involvement, in this work it was isolated and characterized the first satellite DNA (PSUcentSat) from Phodopus sungorus (Cricetidae). Physical mapping of this sequence in Phodopus sungorus showed large PSUcentSat arrays located at the heterochromatic (peri)centromeric region of five autosomal pairs and Y-chromosome. The presence of orthologous PSUcentSat sequences in the genomes of other Cricetidae and Muridae rodents was also verified, presenting however, an interspersed chromosomal distribution. This distribution pattern suggests a PSUcentSat scattered location in an ancestor of Muridae/Cricetidae families, that assumed afterwards, in the descendant genome of Phodopus sungorus a restricted localization to few chromosomes in the (peri)centromeric region. We believe that after the divergence of the studied species, PSUcentSat was most probably highly amplified in the (peri)centromeric region of some chromosome pairs of this hamster by recombinational mechanisms. The bouquet chromosome configuration (prophase I) possibly displays an important role in this selective amplification, providing physical proximity of centromeric regions between chromosomes with similar size and/or morphology. This seems particularly evident for the acrocentric chromosomes of Phodopus sungorus (including the Ychromosome), all presenting large PSUcentSat arrays at the (peri)centromeric region. The conservation of this sequence in the studied genomes and its (peri)centromeric amplification in Phodopus sungorus strongly suggests functional significance, possibly displaying this satellite family different functions in the different genomes. The verification of PSUcentSat transcriptional activity in normal proliferative cells, suggests that its transcription is not stagelimited, as described for some other satellites.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rodentia; Satellite DNA; Phodopus sungorus; Chromosomal distribution; Copy number; Transcriptional activity
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Biology
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Evolucija, osobitosti i funkcionalne interakcije sekvenci satelitnih DNA[3986] Miroslav Plohl098-0982913-2756MZOS
Depositing User: Miroslav Plohl
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2015 15:33
DOI: 10.1093/gbe/evu233

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