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Metallothionein and cellular energy allocation in the estuarine mysid shrimp Neomysis integer exposed to cadmium at different salinities

Erk, Marijana; Muyssen, Brita T. A.; Ghekiere, An; Janssen, Colin R. (2008) Metallothionein and cellular energy allocation in the estuarine mysid shrimp Neomysis integer exposed to cadmium at different salinities. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 357 (2). pp. 172-180. ISSN 0022-0981

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In the present study the induction of metallothioneins (MTs) and effects on the cellular energy allocation (CEA) in euryhaline crustacean Neomysis integer exposed to Cd at different salinities were studied. N. integer was exposed to the same sub-lethal concentration of free cadmium ion (1/5 of the cadmium activity of the reported 96 h LC50 value) in hypo-osmotic (7.2 μg Cd/L at 5 psu), isosmotic (23.0 μg Cd/L at 16 psu) and hyper-osmotic media (38.1 μg Cd/L at 25 psu) for 7 days. By using the free Cd concentration as the basis for conducting the exposures, the effect of salinity on cadmium speciation was eliminated and therefore the true effect of salinity as an abiotic factor on the MT induction and CEA could be studied. MT content was quantified by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV); this is the first time that this method is applied to assays with N. integer. No significant differences in MT levels between the control and Cd-exposed groups were observed. The measured MT levels (ranging from 32.3 to 75.7 μg/mg(cytosolic protein)) probably represent the constitutive MT levels responsible for binding essential metals. The differences in MT levels observed at the different salinities indicate a possible relationship between some physiological process (possibly osmoregulation) other than detoxification and MT induction. A decrease in salinity caused an increase in MT level in N. integer, and this was significantly correlated to the CEA values (Spearman correlation coefficient r = − 0.56, p = 0.016). Our results indicate that salinity can change the energy status and MT content of N. integer. These findings should be taken into account when using these biomarkers – and especially MTs – in field studies and environmental monitoring.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Vol 357, Issue 2, (2008). DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2008.01.015
Uncontrolled Keywords: cadmium; cellular energy allocation; metallothionein; Neomysis integer; salinity
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Marine Science
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Environmental Science
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Stanične promjene u vodnih organizama pobuđene metalima[40333] Biserka Raspor098-0982934-2721MZOS
Depositing User: Marijana Erk
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2014 10:14
DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2008.01.015

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