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Still a Long Way to Fully Understanding the Molecular Mechanism of Escherichia coli Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase

Štefanić, Zoran; Mikleušević, Goran; Narczyk, Marta; Wielgus-Kutrowska, Beata; Bzowska, Agnieszka; Luić, Marija (2013) Still a Long Way to Fully Understanding the Molecular Mechanism of Escherichia coli Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase. Croatica Chemica Acta, 86 (1). pp. 117-127. ISSN 0011-1643

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Abstract

The results of several decades of studying the catalytic mechanism of Escherichia colt purine nucleoside phosphorylases (PNP) by solution studies and crystal structure determinations are presented. Potentially PNPs can be used for enzyme-activating prodrug gene therapy against solid tumours because of the differences in specificity between human and E. coli PNPs. Biologically active form of PNP from E. coli is a homohexamer that catalyses the phosphorolytic cleavage of the glycosidic bond of purine nucleosides. Two conformations of the active site are possible after substrate(s) binding: open and closed. A series of determined 3D-structures of PNP binary and ternary complexes facilitated the prediction of the main steps in the catalytic mechanism. For their validation the active site mutants: Arg24Ala, Asp204Ala, Arg217Ala, Asp204Asn and double mutant Asp204Ala/Arg217Ala were prepared, The activity tests confirm that catalysis involves protonation of the purine base at position N7 and give better insight into the cooperativity between subunits in this oligomeric enzyme.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: purine nucleoside phosphorylase; catalysis; cooperativity; transition-state analysis; catalytic mechanism; crystal-structure; ternary complex; gene-therapy; formycin-b; phosphate; enzyme; pnp; purification
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
Divisions: Division of Physical Chemistry
Projects:
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Protein-ligand međudjelovanja na atomnoj razini[77430] Marija Luić098-1191344-2943MZOS
Depositing User: Marija Luić
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2013 11:44
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2014 10:13
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/1185
DOI: 10.5562/cca2116

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