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Determination of nonylphenol polyethoxylates and their lipophilic metabolites in sewage effluents by normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography and fluorescence detection

Ahel, Marijan; Giger, Walter; Molnar, Eva; Ibrić, Slavica (2000) Determination of nonylphenol polyethoxylates and their lipophilic metabolites in sewage effluents by normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography and fluorescence detection. Croatica Chemica Acta, 73 (1). pp. 209-227. ISSN 0011-1643

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Abstract

Analytical procedures using normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection, suitable for the routine determination of alkylphenol polyethoxylate (APnEO) surfactants and their lipophilic metabolites in sewage effluents at sub-microgram per litre level, have been developed. The parent nonylphenol polyethoxylates (NPnEO), covering oligomer range of 1-18 ethoxy units per molecule, were extracted from water samples using solid-phase extraction on graphitised carbon black (GCB), while their lipophilic metabolites, including nonylphenol monoethoxylate (NP1EO), nonylphenol diethoxylate (NP2EO) and nonylphenol (NP), were extracted by liquid-liquid extraction into n-hexane. The extracts were analysed by normal-phase HPLC using amino-silica columns and fluorescence detection at 228/305 nm. This allowed reliable quantitative determination of individual oligomers down to 0.1 mu g/l. Analyses of sewage effluents collected in several sewage treatment plants of the Canton of Zurich, Switzerland, indicated that NPnEO occur at significant concentrations (96-430 mu g/l) despite the partial ban introduced in 1986. Oligomer distributions found in analysed sewage samples revealed that the major part of toxic lipophilic metabolites, including NP, still originate from detergent-derived NPnEO.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: nonylphenol polyethoxylates; nonionic surfactants; nonylphenol; normal-phase HPLC; sewage effluents; persistent organic-chemicals; capillary gas-chromatography; nonionic surfactants; linear alkylbenzenesulfonates; alkylphenol polyethoxylates; environmental-samples; aquatic environment; mass-spectrometry; ethoxylates; behavior
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Projects:
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Biogeokemija organskih spojeva u prirodnim vodamaMarijan Ahel00981501MZOS
Depositing User: Marijan Ahel
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2013 14:16
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2014 11:05
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/1077

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