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Environmental Changes Recorded in Tufa from the Korana River, Croatia: Geochemical and Isotopic Approach

Sironić, Andreja; Lučić, Mavro; Felja, Igor; Tibljaš, Darko (2023) Environmental Changes Recorded in Tufa from the Korana River, Croatia: Geochemical and Isotopic Approach. Water, 15 (7). ISSN 2073-4441

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Between 1979 and 2003, a 35 cm thick layer of laminated tufa formed around a wooden pillar located at the beginning of the Korana River, which emerges from the Plitvice Lakes, Croatia. The laminated tufa structure allowed for the stratigraphic analysis of mineral, elemental and δ18O and δ13C isotope composition. Results are compared to other carbonate archives (lake sediments) from the Plitvice Lakes and to measured water physical–chemical data collected in the same time. An increase in water temperature and decrease in Mg/Ca ratio was observed during that period. Results showed that the tufa Mg/Ca ratio and δ18O could not be used as a temperature proxy, while an observed δ18O increase after 1990 was attributed to increase in evaporation rate. Furthermore, the constant increase in redox-sensitive elements (Mn) towards the external part of tufa may indicate periodic events of anoxia at the sediment/water interface. Local enrichment factors (LEFs) for potentially toxic elements were calculated using the background function and Al as the normalizing element. The LEFs showed an enrichment pattern of Cu and Pb in 1983 and 2001, which could indicate their anthropogenic origin and the sensitivity of the tufa to environmental changes

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: tufa carbonate ; d18O ; d13C ; elemental composition ; physical proxies ; anthropogenic influence ; Plitvice Lakes
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Division of Experimental Physics
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Procesi stabilnih izotopa: istraživanje krša u novom laboratoriju-Zvjezdana Roller-Lutz062-0982709-0510MZOS
Depositing User: Andreja Sironić
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2023 08:15
DOI: 10.3390/w15071269

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