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Morpho-Physiological and Hormonal Response of Winter Wheat Varieties to Drought Stress at Stem Elongation and Anthesis Stages

Duvnjak, Jurica; Lončarić, Ante; Brkljačić, Lidija; Šamec, Dunja; Šarčević, Hrvoje; Salopek-Sondi, Branka; Španić, Valentina (2023) Morpho-Physiological and Hormonal Response of Winter Wheat Varieties to Drought Stress at Stem Elongation and Anthesis Stages. Plants, 12 (3). ISSN 2223-7747

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Drought stress can significantly reduce wheat growth and development as well as grain yield. This study investigated morpho- physiological and hormonal (abscisic (ABA) and salicylic (SA) acids) responses of six winter wheat varieties during stem elongation and anthesis stage as well grain yield-related traits were measured after harvest. To examine drought response, plants were exposed to moderate non-lethal drought stress by withholding watering for 45 and 65% of the volumetric soil moisture content (VSMC) for 14 days at separate experiments for each of those two growth stages. During the stem elongation phase, ABA was increased, confirming the stress status of plants, and SA showed a tendency to increase, suggesting their role as stress hormones in the regulation of stress response, such as the increase in the number of leaves and tillers in drought stress conditions, and further keeping turgor pressure and osmotic adjustment in leaves. At the anthesis stage, heavier drought stress resulted in ABA accumulation in flag leaves that generated an integrated response of maturation, where ABA was not positively correlated with any of investigated traits. After harvest, the variety Bubnjar, followed by Pepeljuga and And¯elka, did not significantly decrease the number of grains per ear and 1000 kernel weight (except And¯elka) in drought treatments, thus, declaring them more tolerant to drought. On the other hand, Rujana, Fifi, and particularly Silvija experienced the highest reduction in grain yield-related traits, considering them drought-sensitive varieties.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: abscisic acid ; drought stress ; salicylic acid ; winter wheat
BIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES > Biotechnology > Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Biology
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Odgovor ozime pšenice na biotičke i abiotičke stresove izazvane klimatskim promjenamaBabić, Jurislav; Salopek-Sondi, Branka; Španić, Valentina; Vuković, RosemaryKK.
Razvoj karijera mladih istraživačaŠpanić, ValentinaUNSPECIFIEDHRZZ
Depositing User: Branka Salopek Sondi
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2023 10:38
DOI: 10.3390/plants12030418

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