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Susceptibility of invasive tunicates Clavelina oblonga to reduced seawater salinities

Majnarić, Nina; Pavičić-Hamer, Dijana; Jaklin, Andrej; Hamer, Bojan (2022) Susceptibility of invasive tunicates Clavelina oblonga to reduced seawater salinities. Aquaculture Reports, 27 . ISSN 2352-5134

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The intensive colonial tunicate Clavelina oblonga invasion was observed in the summer of 2020 at shellfish farms located on the western and eastern coasts of the Istrian peninsula (NE, Adriatic, Croatia). Aquaculture facilities create an ideal environment for ascidians, therefore, as a possible environmentally friendly eradication measure, laboratory experimental exposure of C. oblonga to different reduced seawater salinities of 37, 30, 20 and 11 was examined in November 2020. During the total observation time (14 days exposure + 14 days of recovery at 37) at all seawater salinities, there was no sexual reproduction of Clavelina specimens and larvae settlement in general. Salinities of 37 and 30 didnt provoke any significant effect in colonial corpus weight change and morphology. Salinities of 20 and 11 caused disorder in specimens feed uptake and feeding itself which led to change of colour, tissue necrosis and finally body fragmentation. Similar separate laboratory exposure of mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis specimens did not provoke significant differences in meat yield between control 37 salinity (14.0 %) and reduced salinities of 30 (14.2 %), 20 (14.6 %) and 11 (15.3 %) measured at the end of the recovery experiment. Based on our experimental results of C. oblonga salinity susceptibility and field observations (2020 2021), we can assume that field translocation of overgrown mussels and infrastructures to locations of seawater < 20 salinities could be a natural way for its eradication.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Invasive species ; Clavelina oblonga ; Reduced salinities treatment ; Eradication measure ; Aquaculture ; Mytilus galloprovincialis
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences
Divisions: Center for Marine Research
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Ublažavanje utjecaja antropogenih aktivnosti korištenjem dagnji i tehnološki razvoj sustava opskrbe hraneHamer, BojanUNSPECIFIEDHRZZ
Depositing User: Bojan Hamer
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2023 12:59
DOI: 10.1016/j.aqrep.2022.101402

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