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Can Urban Grassland Plants Contribute to the Phytoremediation of Soils Contaminated with Heavy Metals

Stančić, Zvjezdana; Fiket, Željka; Vujević, Dinko (2022) Can Urban Grassland Plants Contribute to the Phytoremediation of Soils Contaminated with Heavy Metals. Molecules, 27 . ISSN 1420-3049

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The main objective of this study was to investigate whether the most common wild plant species of urban grassland can be used for phytoremediation of soils polluted with heavy metals. The study was conducted in the city of Varaždin, in northern Croatia. The content of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn) was determined in soil samples as well as in unwashed and washed plant samples (Taraxacum officinale, Plantago lanceolata, Trifolium repens). The results show that the most polluted site is the railway station, while most sites are polluted by road traffic. The soils are most enriched with Pb, Cu, Zn and Cd. The bioconcentration factors for all three plant species are <1, indicating the relatively low capacity of phytoextraction. A considerable amount of heavy metals is found in the dust deposited on the plant surface, which is confirmed by a statistically significant difference between washed and unwashed plant samples. In addition, the biomass of each plant species that can be removed (in t/ha year), the mass of specific heavy metal that can be removed (in kg/ha), and the years required for phytoremediation are reported. In conclusion, phytoremediation with only common plant species of urban grassland is not possible within a reasonable period of time.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: phytoextraction ; bioconcentration factor ; Taraxacum officinale ; Plantago lanceolata ; Trifolium repens ; biomass ; unwashed and washed plant samples ; Varaždin ; Croatia
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Depositing User: Željka Fiket
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2023 11:49
DOI: 10.3390/molecules27196558

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