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Metabolic and Molecular Response to High-Fat Diet Differs between Rats with Constitutionally High and Low Serotonin Tone

Baković, Petra; Kesić, Maja; Kolarić, Darko; Štefulj, Jasminka; Čičin-Šain, Lipa (2023) Metabolic and Molecular Response to High-Fat Diet Differs between Rats with Constitutionally High and Low Serotonin Tone. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 24 (3). ISSN 1422-0067

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Maintaining energy balance is a complex physiological function whose dysregulation can lead to obesity and associated metabolic disorders. The bioamine serotonin (5HT) is an important regulator of energy homeostasis, with its central and peripheral pools influencing energy status in opposing ways. Using sublines of rats with constitutionally increased (high-5HT) or decreased (low5HT) whole-body 5HT tone, we have previously shown that under standard diet constitutionally higher 5HT activity is associated with increased body weight, adiposity, and impaired glucose homeostasis. Here, we investigated the response of 5HT sublines to an obesogenic diet. Consistent with previous findings, high-5HT animals fed a standard diet had poorer metabolic health. However, in response to a high-fat diet, only low-5HT animals increased body weight and insulin resistance. They also showed more pronounced changes in blood metabolic parameters and the expression of various metabolic genes in hypothalamus and adipose tissue. On the other hand, high-5HT animals appeared to be protected from major metabolic disturbances of the obesogenic diet. The results suggest that constitutionally low 5HT activity is associated with higher susceptibility to harmful effects of a high-energy diet. High-5HT subline, which developed less adverse metabolic outcomes on hypercaloric diets, may prove useful in understanding metabolically healthy obesity in humans.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: serotonin ; diet-induced obesity ; glucose tolerance ; insulin resistance ; high-fat diet ; hypothalamus ; adipose tissue ; energy balance ; thermogenesis
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Biology
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Serotonergična modulacija pretilosti: međuovisnost regulatornih molekula i putevaČičin-Šain, LipaIP-2014-09-7827HRZZ
Utjecaj majčinog metaboličkog stanja na serotoninski sustav posteljice i neonatusa: od metilacije DNA do funkcije proteinaŠtefulj, JasminkaIP-2018-01-6547HRZZ
Depositing User: Maja Kesić
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2023 11:46
DOI: 10.3390/ijms24032169

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