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RNA-seq and ChIP-seq Identification of Unique and Overlapping Targets of GLI Transcription Factors in Melanoma Cell Lines

Kurtović, Matea; Piteša, Nikolina; Bartoniček, Nenad; Ozretić, Petar; Musani, Vesna; Čonkaš, Josipa; Petrić, Tina; King, Cecile; Sabol, Maja (2022) RNA-seq and ChIP-seq Identification of Unique and Overlapping Targets of GLI Transcription Factors in Melanoma Cell Lines. Cancers, 14 (18). ISSN 2072-6694

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Background: Despite significant progress in therapy, melanoma still has a rising incidence worldwide, and novel treatment strategies are needed. Recently, researchers have recognized the involvement of the Hedgehog-GLI (HH-GLI) signaling pathway in melanoma and its consistent crosstalk with the MAPK pathway. In order to further investigate the link between the two pathways and to find new target genes that could be considered for combination therapy, we set out to find transcriptional targets of all three GLI proteins in melanoma. Methods: We performed RNA sequencing on three melanoma cell lines (CHL-1, A375, and MEL224) with overexpressed GLI1, GLI2, and GLI3 and combined them with the results of ChIP-sequencing on endogenous GLI1, GLI2, and GLI3 proteins. After combining these results, 21 targets were selected for validation by qPCR. Results: RNA-seq revealed a total of 808 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) for GLI1, 941 DEGs for GLI2, and 58 DEGs for GLI3. ChIP-seq identified 527 genes that contained GLI1 binding sites in their promoters, 1103 for GLI2 and 553 for GLI3. A total of 15 of these targets were validated in the tested cell lines, 6 of which were detected by both RNA-seq and ChIP-seq. Conclusions: Our study provides insight into the unique and overlapping transcriptional output of the GLI proteins in melanoma. We suggest that our findings could provide new potential targets to consider while designing melanoma-targeted therapy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: melanoma ; HH-GLI pathway ; GLI targets ; MAPK pathway ; targeted therapy
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Regulacija GLI koda u tumorima ovisnim o BRAF/NRAS mutacijamaSabol, MajaIP-2018-01-4889HRZZ
Depositing User: Maja Sabol
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2022 11:47
DOI: 10.3390/cancers14184540

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