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Reference-Guided De Novo Genome Assembly of the Flour Beetle Tribolium freemani

Volarić, Marin; Despot-Slade, Evelin; Veseljak, Damira; Meštrović, Nevenka; Mravinac, Brankica (2022) Reference-Guided De Novo Genome Assembly of the Flour Beetle Tribolium freemani. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 23 (11). ISSN 1422-0067

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The flour beetle Tribolium freemani is a sibling species of the model organism and important pest Tribolium castaneum. The two species are so closely related that they can produce hybrid progeny, but the genetic basis of their differences has not been revealed. In this work, we sequenced the T. freemani genome by applying PacBio HiFi technology. Using the well-assembled T. castaneum genome as a reference, we assembled 262 Mb of the T. freemani genomic sequence and anchored it in 10 linkage groups corresponding to nine autosomes and sex chromosome X. The assembly showed 99.8% completeness of conserved insect genes, indicating a high-quality reference genome. Comparison with the T. castaneum assembly revealed that the main differences in genomic sequence between the two sibling species come from repetitive DNA, including interspersed and tandem repeats. In this work, we also provided the complete assembled mitochondrial genome of T. freemani. Although the genome assembly needs to be ameliorated in tandemly repeated regions, the first version of the T. freemani reference genome and the complete mitogenome presented here represent useful resources for comparative evolutionary studies of related species and for further basic and applied research on different biological aspects of economically important pests.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tribolium freemani ; de novo genome assembly ; mitogenome ; repetitive DNA ; sibling species ; the flour beetle ; PacBio HiFi
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Biology
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Rasvjetljavanje evolucije satelitnih DNA visokoprotočnim analizama satelitoma srodnih vrstaMravinac, BrankicaIP-2019-04-5522HRZZ
Depositing User: Brankica Mravinac
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2022 11:20
DOI: 10.3390/ijms23115869

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