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Coumarin derivatives act as novel inhibitors of human dipeptidyl peptidase III: combined in vitro and in silico study

Agić, Dejan; Karnaš, Maja; Šubarić, Domagoj; Lončarić, Melita; Tomić, Sanja; Karačić, Zrinka; Bešlo, Drago; Rastija, Vesna; Molnar, Maja; Popović, Boris M.; Lisjak, Miroslav (2021) Coumarin derivatives act as novel inhibitors of human dipeptidyl peptidase III: combined in vitro and in silico study. Pharmaceuticals, 14 (6). ISSN 1424-8247

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Dipeptidyl peptidase III (DPP III), a zinc- dependent exopeptidase, is a member of the metalloproteinase family M49 with distribution detected in almost all forms of life. Although the physiological role of human DPP III (hDPP III) is not yet fully elucidated, its involvement in pathophysiological processes such as mammalian pain modulation, blood pressure regulation, and cancer processes, underscores the need to find new hDPP III inhibitors. In this research, five series of structurally different coumarin derivatives were studied to provide a relationship between their inhibitory profile toward hDPP III combining an in vitro assay with an in silico molecular modeling study. The experimental results showed that 26 of the 40 tested compounds exhibited hDPP III inhibitory activity at a concentration of 10 µM. Compound 12 (3-benzoyl-7-hydroxy-2H-chromen-2-one) proved to be the most potent inhibitor with IC50 value of 1.10 μM. QSAR modeling indicates that the presence of larger substituents with double and triple bonds and aromatic hydroxyl groups on coumarin derivatives increases their inhibitory activity. Docking predicts that 12 binds to the region of inter-domain cleft of hDPP III while binding mode analysis obtained by MD simulations revealed the importance of 7- OH group on the coumarin core as well as enzyme residues Ile315, Ser317, Glu329, Phe381, Pro387, and Ile390 for the mechanism of the binding pattern and compound 12 stabilization. The present investigation, for the first time, provides an insight into the inhibitory effect of coumarin derivatives on this human metalloproteinase.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: dipeptidyl peptidase III ; coumarin derivatives ; inhibitor ; molecular modeling ; metalloproteinase
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences
BIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Technical Sciences
Divisions: Division of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Biološka važnost dipeptidil peptidaze III i njezin utjecaj na zdravlje čovjekaTomić, SanjaIP-2018-01-2936HRZZ
Zelene tehnologije u sintezi heterocikličkih spojevaMolnar, MajaUIP-2017-05-6593HRZZ
Depositing User: Sanja Tomić
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2022 13:59
DOI: 10.3390/ph14060540

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