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Succession of Microbial Community in a Small Water Body within the Alluvial Aquifer of a Large River

Kulaš, Antonija; Marković, Tamara; Žutinić, Petar; Kajan, Katarina; Karlović, Igor; Orlić, Sandi; Keskin, Emre; Filipović, Vilim; Gligora Udovič, Marija (2021) Succession of Microbial Community in a Small Water Body within the Alluvial Aquifer of a Large River. Wate, 13 (2). ISSN 2073-4441

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Nitrogen is one of the essential elements limiting growth in aquatic environments. Being primarily of anthropogenic origin, it exerts negative impacts on freshwater ecosystems. The present study was carried out at the nitrate- vulnerable zone within the alluvial aquifer of the large lowland Drava River. The main aim was to investigate the ecosystem’s functionality by characterizing the bacterial and phytoplankton diversity of a small inactive gravel pit by using interdisciplinary approaches. The phytoplankton community was investigated via traditional microscopy analyses and environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding, while the bacterial community was investigated by a molecular approach (eDNA). Variations in the algal and bacterial community structure indicated a strong correlation with nitrogen compounds. Summer samples were characterized by a high abundance of bloom- forming Cyanobacteria. Following the cyanobacterial breakdown in the colder winter period, Bacillariophyceae and Actinobacteriota became dominant groups. Changes in microbial composition indicated a strong correlation between N forms and algal and bacterial communities. According to the nitrogen dynamics in the alluvial aquifer, we emphasize the importance of small water bodies as potential buffer zones to anthropogenic nitrogen pressures and sentinels of the disturbances displayed as algal blooms within larger freshwater systems.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: nitrogen ; alluvial aquifer ; large river ; small water body ; phytoplankton ; bacterial community
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Division of Materials Chemistry
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Podrijetlo, ponašanje i modeliranje transporta nitrata u varaždinskom aluvijalnom vodonosnikuMarković, TamaraIP-2016-06-5365HRZZ
Depositing User: Sandi Orlić
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2022 11:30
DOI: 10.3390/w13020115

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