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Distinct Regulation of the Expression of Satellite DNAs in the Beetle Tribolium castaneum

Sermek, Antonio; Feliciello, Isidoro; Ugarković, Đurđica (2020) Distinct Regulation of the Expression of Satellite DNAs in the Beetle Tribolium castaneum. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22 (1). ISSN 1422-0067

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In the flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (peri)centromeric heterochromatin is mainly composed of a major satellite DNA TCAST1 interspersed with minor satellites. With the exception of heterochromatin, clustered satellite repeats are found dispersed within euchromatin. In order to uncover a possible satellite DNA function within the beetle genome, we analysed the expression of the major TCAST1 and a minor TCAST2 satellite during the development and upon heat stress. The results reveal that TCAST1 transcription was strongly induced at specific embryonic stages and upon heat stress, while TCAST2 transcription is stable during both processes. TCAST1 transcripts are processed preferentially into piRNAs during embryogenesis and into siRNAs during later development, contrary to TCAST2 transcripts, which are processed exclusively into piRNAs. In addition, increased TCAST1 expression upon heat stress is accompanied by the enrichment of the silent histone mark H3K9me3 on the major satellite, while the H3K9me3 level at TCAST2 remains unchanged. The transcription of the two satellites is proposed to be affected by the chromatin state: heterochromatin and euchromatin, which are assumed to be the prevalent sources of TCAST1 and TCAST2 transcripts, respectively. In addition, distinct regulation of the expression might be related to diverse roles that major and minor satellite RNAs play during the development and stress response.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: satellite DNA ; siRNA ; piRNA ; embryogenesis ; heat stress ; heterochromatin ; euchromatin ; histone modification
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Biology
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Satelitska DNA u genskoj regulaciji i ekološkoj adaptacijiUgarković, ĐurđicaIP-2014-09-3733HRZZ
Depositing User: Lovorka Čaja
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2022 12:49
DOI: 10.3390/ijms22010296

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