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Impaired Retromer Function in Niemann-Pick Type C Disease Is Dependent on Intracellular Cholesterol Accumulation

Dominko, Kristina; Rastija, Ana; Sobočanec, Sandra; Vidatic, Lea; Meglaj, Sarah; Lovinčić Babić, Andrea; Hutter-Paier, Birgit; Colombo, Alessio-Vittorio; Lichtenthaler, Stefan F.; Tahirović, Sabina; Hećimović, Silva (2021) Impaired Retromer Function in Niemann-Pick Type C Disease Is Dependent on Intracellular Cholesterol Accumulation. International journal of molecular sciences, 22 (24). ISSN 1422-0067

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Niemann-Pick type C disease (NPC) is a rare inherited neurodegenerative disorder characterized by an accumulation of intracellular cholesterol within late endosomes and lysosomes due to NPC1 or NPC2 dysfunction. In this work, we tested the hypothesis that retromer impairment may be involved in the pathogenesis of NPC and may contribute to increased amyloidogenic processing of APP and enhanced BACE1-mediated proteolysis observed in NPC disease. Using NPC1-null cells, primary mouse NPC1-deficient neurons and NPC1-deficient mice (BALB/cNctr-Npc1m1N), we show that retromer function is impaired in NPC. This is manifested by altered transport of the retromer core components Vps26, Vps35 and/or retromer receptor sorLA and by retromer accumulation in neuronal processes, such as within axonal swellings. Changes in retromer distribution in NPC1 mouse brains were observed already at the presymptomatic stage (at 4-weeks of age), indicating that the retromer defect occurs early in the course of NPC disease and may contribute to downstream pathological processes. Furthermore, we show that cholesterol depletion in NPC1-null cells and in NPC1 mouse brains reverts retromer dysfunction, suggesting that retromer impairment in NPC is mechanistically dependent on cholesterol accumulation. Thus, we characterized retromer dysfunction in NPC and propose that the rescue of retromer impairment may represent a novel therapeutic approach against NPC.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cholesterol homeostasis ; endolysosomal pathway ; neurodegeneration ; neurodegenerative diseases ; NPC1 ; rare diseases ; retromer
Subjects: BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Basic Medical Sciences
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Molekularni mehanizam neurodegeneracije u Niemann-Pickovoj bolesti tip CKatušić Hećimović, SilvaIP-2016-06-2799HRZZ
Depositing User: Dr. sc. Silva Katušić Hećimović
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2022 13:03
DOI: 10.3390/ijms222413256

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