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Role of LrrkA in the control of phagocytosis and cell motility in dictyostelium discoideum

Bodinier, Romain; Sabra, Ayman; Leiba, Jade; Marchetti, Anna; Lamrabet, Otmane; Ayadi, Imen; Filić, Vedrana; Kawata, Takefumi; Weber, Igor; Cosson, Pierre (2021) Role of LrrkA in the control of phagocytosis and cell motility in dictyostelium discoideum. Frontiers in cell and developmental biology, 9 . ISSN 2296-634X

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LrrkA is a Dictyostelium discoideum kinase with leucine-rich repeats. LrrkA stimulates Kil2 and intra-phagosomal killing of ingested bacteria in response to folate. In this study, we show that genetic inactivation of lrrkA also causes a previously unnoticed phenotype: lrrkA KO cells exhibit enhanced phagocytosis and cell motility compared to parental cells. This phenotype is cell autonomous, is reversible upon re-expression of LrrkA, and is not due to an abnormal response to inhibitory quorum-sensing factors secreted by D. discoideum in its medium. In addition, folate increases motility in parental D. discoideum cells, but not in lrrkA KO cells, suggesting that LrrkA plays a pivotal role in the cellular response to folate. On the contrary, lrrkA KO cells regulate gene transcription in response to folate in a manner indistinguishable from parental cells. Overall, based on analysis of mutant phenotypes, we identify gene products that participate in the control of intracellular killing, cell motility, and gene transcription in response to folate. These observations reveal a mechanism by which D. discoideum encountering bacterially-secreted folate can migrate, engulf, and kill bacteria more efficiently.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: LrrkA ; folate ; phagocytosis ; motility ; Dictyostelium discoideum
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Vedrana Filić Mileta
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2022 14:09
DOI: 10.3389/fcell.2021.629200

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