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Microwave Assisted Extraction and Pressurized Liquid Extraction of Sulfated Polysaccharides from Fucus virsoides and Cystoseira barbata

Dobrinčić, Ana; Pedisić, Sandra; Zorić, Zoran; Jurin, Mladenka; Roje, Marin; Čož-Rakovac, Rozelindra; Dragović-Uzelac, Verica (2021) Microwave Assisted Extraction and Pressurized Liquid Extraction of Sulfated Polysaccharides from Fucus virsoides and Cystoseira barbata. Foods, 10 (7). ISSN 2304-8158

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Sulfated polysaccharide fucoidan isolated from brown algae shows a wide range of biological activities that are significantly dependent on its chemical composition, which is closely related to the applied technique and extraction parameters. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of microwave assisted extraction (MAE) and pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) parameters (solvent, temperature, time, and number of cycles) on the Fucus virsoides and Cystoseira barbata polysaccharide yield (%PS) and chemical composition (total sugar, fucose, and sulfate group). The optimal MAE parameters that resulted in the highest polysaccharide extraction from F. virsoides and C. barbata were 0.1 M H2SO4 for 10 min at 80 ◦C, while the optimal PLE parameters were 0.1 M H2SO4, for two cycles of 15 min at 140 ◦C. Furthermore, the %PS, chemical structure, molecular properties, and antioxidant activity of the F. virsoides and C. barbata polysaccharide extracts obtained with MAE, PLE, and conventional extraction (CE) performed under previously determinate optimal conditions were compared. PLE resulted in a significantly higher %PS from F. virsoides, while for C. barbata, a similar yield was achieved with CE and PLE, as well as CE and MAE, for both algae. Furthermore, the polysaccharides obtained using PLE had the highest polydispersity index, fucose, and sulfate group content, and the lowest uronic acid content ; however their antioxidant activity was lower.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fucus virsoides ; Cystoseira barbata ; polysaccharides ; fucoidan ; microwave assisted extraction ; pressurized liquid extraction
Subjects: BIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES > Food Technology
Divisions: Division of Materials Chemistry
Division of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Bioprospecting Jadranskog moraČož-Rakovac, Rozelinda; Dragović-Uzelac, Verica; Šantek, Božidar; Jokić, Stela; Jerković, Igor; Kraljević Pavelić, SandraKK.
Depositing User: Marin Roje
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2021 10:42
DOI: 10.3390/foods10071481

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