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Combining Raman spectroscopy, DFT calculations and atomic force microscopy in the study of clinker materials

Mohaček Grošev, Vlasta; Đuroković, Marija; Maksimović, Aleksandar (2021) Combining Raman spectroscopy, DFT calculations and atomic force microscopy in the study of clinker materials. Materials, 14 (13). ISSN 1996-1944

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Raman spectroscopy and Raman mapping analysis, combined with density functional theory calculations were applied to the problem of differentiating similar clinker materials such as alite and belite. The Portland cement clinker 217 (further: clinker) was analysed using colocalised Raman mapping and atomic force microscopy mapping, which provided both spatial and chemical information simultaneously. The main constituents found in the clinker were alite, belite, portlandite, amorphous calcium carbonate, and gypsum. Since phonon bands of alite and belite greatly overlap, and their distinction is important for the hydration process during cement setting, we provided the calculated phonon density of states for alite Ca3SiO5 (<M>Pc structure) and belite Ca2SiO4 (β P21/n structure) here for the first time. Both calculated phonon densities have similar distribution of phonon modes, with a gap between 560 and 810 cm−1. A comparison of the calculated phonon frequencies for Ca3SiO5 and Ca2SiO4 shows that the lowest calculated phonon frequency of β-Ca2SiO4 lies at 102 cm−1, while for <M>Pc alite the lowest phonon frequency is predicted at 27 cm−1. Low frequency Raman spectroscopy could therefore be used for a clearer distinction of these two species in a clinker material.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Portland cement clinker ; Raman mapping ; alite ; belite ; phonon density of states ; CRYSTAL09
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Divisions: Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials and Sensing Devices
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Potpora vrhunskim istraživanjima Centra izvrsnosti za napredne materijale i senzoreIvanda, Mile; Jakšić, Milko; Stipčević, Mario; Kralj, MarkoKK.
Depositing User: Vlasta Mohaček Grošev
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2021 09:33
DOI: 10.3390/ma14133648

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