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Bacteria Exposed to Silver Nanoparticles Synthesized by Laser Ablation in Water: Modelling E. coli Growth and Inactivation

Krce, Lucija; Šprung, Matilda; Maravić, Ana; Umek, Polona; Salamon, Krešimir; Krstulović, Nikša; Aviani, Ivica (2020) Bacteria Exposed to Silver Nanoparticles Synthesized by Laser Ablation in Water: Modelling E. coli Growth and Inactivation. Materials, 13 (3). ISSN 1996-1944

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Abstract

This study is aimed to better understand the bactericidal mode of action of silver nanoparticles. Here we present the production and characterization of laser-synthesized silver nanoparticles along with growth curves of bacteria treated at sub-minimal and minimal inhibitory concentrations, obtained by optical density measurements. The main effect of the treatment is the increase of the bacterial apparent lag time, which is very well described by the novel growth model as well as the entire growth curves for different concentrations. The main assumption of the model is that the treated bacteria uptake the nanoparticles and inactivate, which results in the decrease of both the nanoparticles and the bacteria concentrations. The lag assumes infinitive value for the minimal inhibitory concentration treatment. This apparent lag phase is not postponed bacterial growth. It is a dynamic state in which the bacterial growth and death rates are close in value. Our results strongly suggest that the predominant mode of antibacterial action of silver nanoparticles is the penetration inside the membrane.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: laser synthesis of nanoparticles ; silver nanoparticles ; antibacterial activity ; modeling bacterial growth
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Divisions: Division of Materials Physics
Depositing User: Lovorka Čaja
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2020 10:38
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2020 10:38
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/6129
DOI: 10.3390/ma13030653

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