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Organ doses and associated cancer risks for CT examinations of thoracic region

Majer, Marija; Knežević, Željka; Popić, Jelena; Hršak, Hrvoje; Miljanić, Saveta (2018) Organ doses and associated cancer risks for CT examinations of thoracic region. Nuclear Technology & Radiation Protection, 33 (1). pp. 100-105. ISSN 1451-3994

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Abstract

The use of computed tomography (CT) is increasing rapidly and doses are not negligible especially when medical procedures require more than one CT scan. The purpose of the present study was to measure doses in/on an anthropomorphic Rando phantom during standard and low dose CT protocol of thorax and to estimate risks of radiation induced cancer for adult patients that undergo multiple CT scans of thorax. Thermoluminescent (TL) and radiophotoluminescent (RPL) dosimeters were used for dose measurements. Radiation risks of cancer incidence, in the form of lifetime attributable risk (LAR), were estimated using BEIR VII model. For five exposures with standard protocol mean organ doses were 94 mGy (breast), 85 mGy (stomach), 85 mGy (thyroid), 78 mGy (lung), 52 mGy (liver) and 16 mGy (colon). Associated LARs were found to be up to 0.401% (401 breast cancers per 100 000 exposed patients) and 0.116% (116 lung cancers per 100 000 exposed patients) for female and male, respectively. Low dose protocol reduces doses (and risks) by the average factor of 5 and therefore the use of low dose protocol is recommended whenever it is medicaly justified.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Organ dose ; Radiation cancer risk ; CT of thorax ; Low dose protocol
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Divisions: Division of Materials Chemistry
Depositing User: Marija Majer
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2018 13:05
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2018 13:36
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/4359
DOI: 10.2298/NTRP1801100M

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