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Integrin αVβ3 silencing sensitizes malignant glioma cells to temozolomide by suppression of homologous recombination repair

Christmann, Markus; Diesler, Kathrin; Majhen, Dragomira; Steigerwald, Christian; Berte, Nancy; Freund, Halima; Stojanović, Nikolina; Kaina, Bernd; Osmak, Maja; Ambriović-Ristov, Andreja; Tomicic, Maja T. (2017) Integrin αVβ3 silencing sensitizes malignant glioma cells to temozolomide by suppression of homologous recombination repair. Oncotarget, 8 . pp. 27754-27771. ISSN 1949-2553

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Integrins have been suggested as possible targets in anticancer therapy. Here we show that knockdown of integrins αVβ3, αVβ5, α3β1 and α4β1 and pharmacological inhibition using a cyclo-RGD integrin αVβ3/αVβ5 antagonist sensitized multiple highgrade glioma cell lines to temozolomide (TMZ)- induced cytotoxicity. The greatest effect was observed in LN229 cells upon integrin β3 silencing, which led to inhibition of the FAK/Src/Akt/NFκB signaling pathway and increased formation of γH2AX foci. The integrin β3 knockdown led to the proteasomal degradation of Rad51, reduction of Rad51 foci and reduced repair of TMZ- induced DNA double-strand breaks by impairing homologous recombination efficiency. The down- regulation of β3 in Rad51 knockdown (LN229- Rad51kd) cells neither further sensitized them to TMZ nor increased the number of γH2AX foci, confirming causality between β3 silencing and Rad51 reduction. RIP1 was found cleaved and IκBα significantly less degraded in β3- silenced/TMZexposed cells, indicating inactivation of NFκB signaling. The anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-xL, survivin and XIAP were proteasomally degraded and caspase-3/-2 cleaved. Increased H2AX phosphorylation, caspase-3 cleavage, reduced Rad51 and RIP1 expression, as well as sustained IκBα expression were also observed in mouse glioma xenografts treated with the cyclo-RGD inhibitor and TMZ, confirming the molecular mechanism in vivo. Our data indicates that β3 silencing in glioma cells represents a promising strategy to sensitize high-grade gliomas to TMZ therapy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: malignant gliomas ; integrin αVβ3 silencing ; temozolomide ; homologous recombination repair ; Rad51
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Biology
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Povećanje transdukcije adenovirusnih vektora i otpornost stanica na citostatike-Andreja Ambriović Ristov098-0982913-2850MZOS
Molekularni mehanizmi povećanja osjetljivosti na protutumorske lijekove stanica karcinoma dojke i melanoma čovjeka utišavanjem integrina-INSILCELLAndreja Ambriović RistovIP-2013-11-2465HRZZ
Depositing User: Andreja Ambriović Ristov
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2017 12:31
DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.10897

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