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Physicochemical Characterization of Natural and ex-Situ Reconstructed Sea-Surface Microlayers

Gašparović, Blaženka; Kozarac, Zlatica; Saliot, Alain; Ćosović, Božena; Moebius, Dietmar (1998) Physicochemical Characterization of Natural and ex-Situ Reconstructed Sea-Surface Microlayers. Journal of colloid and interface science, 208 (1). pp. 191-202. ISSN 0021-9797

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Chemical composition and physico-chemical characteristics of natural and ex-situ reconstructed sea surface microlayer samples were studied using a complex methodological approach. Surface microlayer samples and the underlying seawater were collected in different seasons and different conditions in the northern most part of the Adriatic Sea. The techniques used were thin layer chromatography with flame ionization detection for lipid classes analysis, electrochemical characterization of adsorbable organic substances using the ONP probe, and monolayer techniques for surface pressure and surface potential measurements, as well as Brewster angle microscopy. Our results indicated higher enrichment of organic matter for the microlayer sample collected in the warm period of the year (summer). This was reflected in the high surface activity of the present organic substances, and formation of a more condensed layer than for the other two samples collected in the spring. Of the two spring samples, the one sampled on a sunny day was reacher in surface active organic material. We concluded that the most important source of surface active substances in the in-situ production of organic substances by the present plankton and bacteria, promoted by sunlight, while antrophogenic input comprises a smaller part of the present organic matter, around 10% for all samples.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sea-surface microlayer, lipid analysis, o-nitrophenol, surface active organic substances, voltammetry, monolayer studies, Brewster angle microscopy, Northern Adriatic
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Marine Science
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Priroda i reaktivnost organskih tvari u moru i kopnenim vodaBožena Ćosović00981503MZOS
Depositing User: Blaženka Gašparović
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2016 12:54
DOI: 10.1006/jcis.1998.5792

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