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MAGIC observations and multifrequency properties of the flat spectrum radio quasar 3C 279 in 2011

(MAGIC Collaboration, Fermi-LAT Collaboration) Aeksic, J.; Ansoldi, S.; Antonelli, L. A.; Antoranz, P.; Babie, A.; Bangale, P.; de Almeida, E. Barres; Barrio, J. A.; Becerra Gonzalez, J.; Bednarek, W.; Berger, K.; Bernardini, E.; Bianch, O.; Bock, R. K.; Bonnefoy, S.; Bormoli, G.; Borracci, F.; Bretz, T.; Carmona, E.; Carosi, A.; Fidalgo, D. Carreto; Colin, P.; Colombo, E.; Contreras, J. L.; Cortina, J.; Covino, S.; Da Vela, P.; Dazzi, F.; Angelis, A. De; De Lotto, B.; Delgado Mendez, C.; Doert, M.; Dominguez, A.; Dominis Presters, D.; Doro, M.; Einecke, S.; Eisenacher, D.; Elsaesser, D.; Farina, E.; Ferenc, D.; Fonseca, M. V.; Font, L.; Frantzen, K.; Fruck, C.; Garcia Lopez, R. J.; Garczarczyki, M.; Garrido Terrats, D.; Gaug, M.; Giavitto, G.; Godinovic, N.; Gonzalez Munoz, A.; Gozzini, S. R.; Hadasch, D.; Herrero, A.; Hildebrand, D.; Hose, J.; Hrupec, D.; Idec, W.; Kadenius, V.; Kellermann, H.; Knoetig, M. L.; Kodani, K.; Konno, Y.; Krause, J.; Kubo, H.; Kushida, J.; La Barbera, A.; Lelas, D.; Lewandowska, N.; Lindfors, E.; Lombardi, S.; Lopez, M.; Lopez-Coto, R.; Lopez-Oramas, A.; Lorenz, U.; Lozano, I.; Makariev, M.; Mallot, K.; Maneva, G.; Mankuzhiyil, N.; Mannheim, K.; Maraschi, L.; Mareote, B.; Mariotti, M.; Martinez, M.; Mazin, D.; Menzel, U.; Meucci, M.; Miranda, J. M.; Mirzoyan, R.; Moralejo, A.; Munar-Adrover, P.; Nakajima, D.; Niedzwiecki, A.; Niisson, K.; Nishijima, K.; Nowak, N.; Orito, R.; Overkemping, A.; Paiano, S.; Palatiello, M.; Paneque, D.; Paoletti, R.; Paredes, J. M.; Paredes-Fortuny, X.; Partini, S.; Persic, M.; Prada, F.; Moroni, P. G. Prada; Prandini, E.; Preziuso, S.; Puljak, I.; Reinthal, R.; Rhode, W.; Ribo, M.; Rico, J.; Garcia, J. Rodriguez; Ruegamer, S.; Saggion, A.; Saito, T.; Saito, K.; Salvati, M.; Satalecka, K.; Scalzotto, V.; Seapin, V.; Schultz, C.; Schweizer, T.; Shore, S. N.; Sillanpaa, A.; Sitarek, J.; Snidarie, I.; Sobczynska, D.; Spanier, F.; Stamatescu, V.; Stamerra, A.; Steinbring, T.; Storz, J.; Sun, S.; Suric, T.; Takalo, L.; Takarni, H.; Taveeehio, F.; Temnikov, P.; Terzic, T.; Tescaro, D.; Teshima, M.; Thaele, J.; Tibolla, O.; Torres, D. F.; Toyama, T.; Treves, A.; Vogler, P.; Wagner, R. M.; Zandane, F.; Zanin, R.; Berdyugin, A.; Vornanen, T.; Lahbteenmaki, A.; Tammi, J.; Tornikoski, M.; Hovatta, T.; Max-Moerbeek, W.; Readhead, A.; Richards, J.; Hayashida, M.; Sanehez, D. A.; Marscher, A.; Jorstad, S.; (2014) MAGIC observations and multifrequency properties of the flat spectrum radio quasar 3C 279 in 2011. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 567 (A41). pp. 1-14. ISSN 0004-6361

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Abstract

We study the multifrequency emission and spectral properties of the quasar 3C 279. We observed 3C 279 in very high energy (VHE, E>100GeV) gamma rays, with the MAGIC telescopes during 2011, for the first time in stereoscopic mode. We combine these measurements with observations at other energy bands: in high energy (HE, E>100MeV) gamma rays from Fermi-LAT, in X-rays from RXTE, in the optical from the KVA telescope and in the radio at 43GHz, 37GHz and 15GHz from the VLBA, Mets\"ahovi and OVRO radio telescopes and optical polarisation measurements from the KVA and Liverpool telescopes. During the MAGIC observations (February to April 2011) 3C 279 was in a low state in optical, X-ray and gamma rays. The MAGIC observations did not yield a significant detection. These upper limits are in agreement with the extrapolation of the HE gamma-ray spectrum, corrected for extragalactic background light absorption, from Fermi-LAT. The second part of the MAGIC observations in 2011 was triggered by a high activity state in the optical and gamma-ray bands. During the optical outburst the optical electric vector position angle rotatated of about 180 degrees. There was no simultaneous rotation of the 43GHz radio polarisation angle. No VHE gamma rays were detected by MAGIC, and the derived upper limits suggest the presence of a spectral break or curvature between the Fermi-LAT and MAGIC bands. The combined upper limits are the strongest derived to date for the source at VHE and below the level of the previously detected flux by a factor 2. Radiation models that include synchrotron and inverse Compton emissions match the optical to gamma-ray data, assuming an emission component inside the broad line region (BLR) responsible for the high-energy emission and one outside the BLR and the infrared torus causing optical and low-energy emission. We interpreted the optical polarisation with a bent trajectory model.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: gamma rays: galaxies; galaxies: active; galaxies: quasars: individual (3C 279); galaxies: jets; radiation mechanisms: non-thermal; relativistic processes
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics > Astronomy and Astrophysics
Divisions: Division of Experimental Physics
Depositing User: Dario Hrupec
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2015 17:06
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2017 08:19
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/1672
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201323036

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