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Isolation of yttrium and strontium from soil samples and rapid determination of Sr-90

Grahek, Željko; Eškinja, Ivan; Košutić, Katarina; Cerjan-Stefanović, Štefica (2000) Isolation of yttrium and strontium from soil samples and rapid determination of Sr-90. Croatica Chemica Acta, 73 (3). pp. 795-807. ISSN 0011-1643

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A procedure of yttrium and strontium separation from calcium and other cations has been developed for rapid determination of Sr-90 in soil samples. The procedure involves yttrium, strontium and other cations bound on cation exchanger AMBERLITE IR-120, separtion of yttrium and strontium from other cations, e.g, potassium, calcium, sodium, barium, on anion exchangers AMBERLITE CG-400 or DOWEX AG Ix 8 with 0.25 mol l(-1) HNO3 in alcohol mixture as eluent, separation of yttrium from strontium on cation exchanger DOWEX 50 x 8 with 3 mol l(-1) HNO3, and determination of Sr-90 on the low-level gas-flow beta -counter and by Cherenkow counting on the liquid-scintillation counter. It has been shown that this procedure might be successfully applied in rapid determination of Sr-90, in a timesaving manner and without application of strong, concentrated acids. The method is appropriate for determination of the water soluble fraction of Sr-90 in different kinds of environmental samples (milk, water, wine, vegetables, etc.) with some modification of the sample preparation procedure.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: radioactive strontium; rapid determination; yttrium; strontium; isolation; solvent anion-exchange; radioactive strontium; environmental-samples; natural samples; crown-ether; separation; radiostrontium; calcium
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Kretanje i sudbina radionuklida i mikrolemenataStipe Lulić00981509MZOS
Ionski izmjenjivači u zaštiti voda kemijske industrijeŠtefica Cerjan-Stefanović125016MZOS
Depositing User: Željko Grahek
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2013 14:55

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